Halina Y. Neujahr

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Trichosporon cutaneum was grown with phenol or resorcinol as the carbon source. The formation of beta-ketoadipate from phenol, catechol, and resorcinol was shown by a manometric method using antipyrine and also by its isolation and crystallization. Metabolism of phenol begins with o-hydroxylation. This is followed by ortho-ring fission, lactonization to(More)
Phenol hydroxylase was labelled with pyridoxal 5'-phosphate. A radioactive label was introduced by using sodium boro[3H]hydride to reduce the initially formed Schiff's base. The labelled enzyme was digested with Staphylococcus V8 protease. Labelled peptides were isolated and their sequences were determined. The label could be located to three different(More)
A yeast strain isolated from soil by enrichment on phenol as major carbon source was identified as Candida tropicalis. Washed cell suspensions of this strain and cell-free preparations obtained from mechanically disrupted cells oxidized phenol via catechol and cis, cis-muconate. In addition to phenol and the three isomeric diphenols, a number of phenol(More)
BACKGROUND The synthesis of phenolic compounds as by-products of industrial reactions poses a serious threat to the environment. Understanding the enzymatic reactions involved in the degradation and detoxification of these compounds is therefore of much interest. Soil-living yeasts use flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD)-containing enzymes to hydroxylate(More)
The soil yeast Trichosporon cutaneum, which is distinguished by having a strictly oxidative metabolism, can be induced to utilize phenol as a sole carbon source. The present paper shows that such phenol-induced cells contain a specific, energy-dependent uptake system for phenol. Phenol uptake is not directly linked to its o-hydroxylation inside the cell,(More)
The effect of pH and temperature on phenol hydroxylase in vitro was compared to the corresponding effect on the enzyme in situ, in permeabilized cells. Activation enthalpies in situ were about 75-80% of those in vitro, in both cases decreasing with increasing pH (6.0-8.5). The order of addition of phenol and NADPH affected the Km values for phenol at 25(More)