Halina Baran

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Behavioural, histopathological and neurochemical changes induced by systemic injection of kainic acid (10 mg/kg, s.c.) were investigated in rats. The most pronounced behavioural changes were strong immobility ("catatonia"), increased incidence of "wet dog shakes", and long-lasting generalized tonic-clonic convulsions. The behavioural symptoms were fast in(More)
Behavioural, neurochemical and histopathological changes induced by systemic injection of kainic acid were investigated at various doses of the neurotoxin (3, 6 and 10 mg/kg s.c.). There was a positive correlation between the dose of kainic acid and the extent of both the acute neurochemical changes 3 h after the injection (increases of(More)
Edema formation and blood-brain barrier permeability was studied in animals with epileptic seizures induced by subcutaneous injection of kainic acid. Brain edema was most pronounced between 3 and 24 h after kainic acid injection. It was reflected by massive swelling of perineuronal and perivascular astroglia. Three hours after kainic acid perivascular(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate neurochemical changes in a kainic acid (KA; 10 mg/kg, s.c.)-induced spontaneous recurrent seizure model of epilepsy, 6 months after the initial KA-induced seizures. The neuronal markers of cholinergic and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic systems, i.e. choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and glutamic acid decarboxylase(More)
Systemic administration of kainic acid in the rat results in the development of a characteristic excitotoxic syndrome, consisting of automatisms (wet dog shakes, WDS), sustained limbic seizures and brain damage. Since kainate increases the release of excitatory amino acid neurotransmitters such as glutamate, this syndrome is thought to be due, at least in(More)
The effect of mannitol treatment on the behavioural, morphological and neurochemical brain damage induced after subcutaneously applied kainic acid (10 mg/kg) was studied in the rat. Mannitol at a dose of 1.5 g/kg was injected intravenously 10 min, 1.5 h and 3 h respectively after kainic acid administration. A protective effect of mannitol was observed only(More)
In this study the effect of the anti-inflammatory drugs indomethacin, ibuprofen, ebselen (PZ 51, 2-phenyl-1,2-benzoisoselenazol-3(2H)-one), and BW755C (3-amino-1-(m-(trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-2-pyrazoline) on kainic acid (KA)-induced behavioral and neurochemical changes in rats was investigated. Rats injected with KA (10 mg/kg s.c.) developed seizure activity(More)
Acute treatment of mice with D-cycloserine (a high efficacy, partial agonist at strychnine-insensitive glycine receptors) resulted in dose- and time-dependent increases in the threshold for electrically induced tonic seizures. This anticonvulsant effect was observed at doses which did not induce motor impairment, as determined by the rotarod test. Despite(More)
The endogenous neuroinhibitory and neuroprotective excitatory amino acid receptor antagonist kynurenic acid has been hypothetically linked to the pathogenesis of epilepsy and several other brain disorders. In the present study, alterations in kynurenic acid levels were examined in the kainate model of temporal lobe epilepsy. Kainate was systemically(More)
It has been shown recently that the L-kynurenine metabolite kynurenic acid lowers the efficacy of mitochondria ATP synthesis by significantly increasing state IV, and reducing respiratory control index and ADP/oxygen ratio of glutamate/malate-consuming heart mitochondria. In the present study we investigated the effect of L-tryptophan (1.25 microM to 5 mM)(More)