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Precision estimates are given for anthropometric assessment of body fat distribution in participants (n = 86) of the Healthy Growth Study (total n = 154). This five year longitudinal study explored the psychosocial and biologic influences on activity levels in urban adolescent African American girls. The basic anthropometric data include height, weight,(More)
OBJECTIVE To report the prevalence of endometriosis and its associated risk factors among multiparous women, and to determine the relationship between the location and depth of this disease and certain medical and behavioral characteristics. METHODS Over a 6-year period, 3384 multiparous women underwent laparoscopy for tubal sterilization. Endometriosis(More)
OBJECTIVE Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) involves episodic nocturnal apneas. Using polysomnography, we examined the predictive capacity of screening questionnaires (Berlin) in pregnancy. Incorporating simultaneous fetal heart rate monitoring (FHM), we examined the association of maternal apnea with FHM abnormalities. STUDY DESIGN We enrolled 100 pregnant(More)
CONTEXT Hormonal contraceptive users may be at increased risk for HIV and other STDs. An understanding of their decisions and abilities to use condoms is needed to focus intervention programs aimed at improving their protective behaviors. METHODS Between 1999 and 2001, 426 new users of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) and oral contraceptives were(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of fetal intervention using fetal cystoscopy or vesicoamniotic shunting in the treatment of severe lower urinary obstruction (LUTO). METHODS A cohort of 111 fetuses with severe LUTO attending two centers between January 1990 and August 2013 were included retrospectively. Fetuses were categorized into three groups based(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the impact of the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) weight gain recommendations on perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancies. METHODS In this multicenter cohort study, using the 2009 IOM guidelines, we examined pregnancy outcomes in 570 uncomplicated diamniotic twin pregnancies. Subjects were grouped according to pre-pregnancy body mass(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify risk factors for tubal rupture among ectopic pregnancies treated with methotrexate (MTX). DESIGN Retrospective case-control analysis. SETTING An urban medical center. PATIENT(S) Eighty-one women diagnosed with an ectopic gestation treated with MTX: 19 patients experienced subsequent tubal rupture, and 62 patients experienced(More)
OBJECTIVE Length of sperm exposure has been proposed to influence the risk of preeclampsia. The main objective was to determine the relationship between extent of exposure to sperm, both before and during pregnancy, and the risk of preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN A case-control design was used where women with preeclampsia (cases) were matched with two women(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of the study was to describe the physical activity, blood pressure, and body fat patterns of sixth-grade, African-American girls (N = 82), who participated in the Healthy Growth Study. The purpose of the primary study questions was to determine which sets of variables best predict blood pressure, physical activity, and body fat. (More)
BACKGROUND Despite lack of scientific evidence about the safety of complementary and alternative medicines, the reported use of such remedies during pregnancies has increased. This study was undertaken to investigate the use of herbs, vitamins, and over-the-counter and prescription medications among pregnant Hispanic women and reasons for use, and to assess(More)