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An efficient and reliable transformation system for a very important medicinal plant Papaver bracteatum was developed through optimization of several factors that affect the rate of effective A. rhizogenes-mediated transformation and growth rate of hairy root. Five bacterial strains, A4, ATCC15834, LBA9402, MSU440 and A13, and three explants types,(More)
Rhizomania a viral disease, caused by beet necrotic yellow vein benyvirus (BNYVV), is now widely spread, throughout the sugar beet growing areas of Iran. Genomes of BNYVV are composed of five RNA molecules with specific functions. In this study sequence analyses were conducted on the major coat protein gene (CP21), and parts of RNA3 and RNA4 of an Iranian(More)
The biological and molecular properties of four Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) isolates isolated from infected Satsuma trees imported from Japan, and growing in citrus groves in northern Iran (Mahdasht orchards, Mazandaran Province), were investigated. CTV-infected samples were collected from sweet orange trees and grafted onto Alemow (Citrus macrophylla(More)
The nucleotide sequences for the minor coat protein (CPm) gene and its deduced amino acid sequences for two aphid-transmissible and two nontransmissible isolates of Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) from symptomless orchard trees of Miyagawa satsuma [Citrus unshiu (Macf.) Marc.] on trifoliate orange [Poncirus trifoliate (L.) Raf.] and declining Washington navel(More)
Papaver bracteatum has a high content of thebaine. It is used as an alternative to P. somniferum for the production of benzylisoquinoline alkaloid. Papaver bracteatum was genetically engineered to over-express codeinone reductase gene in hairy root cultures. Transcript level of the codeinone reductase gene in transgenic hairy root lines increased up to ten-(More)
An efficient hairy root induction system for an important endangered medicinal plant, Dracocephalum kotschyi, was developed through Agrobacterium rhizogenes-mediated transformation by modifying the co-cultivation medium using five bacterial strains, A4, ATCC15834, LBA9402, MSU440, and A13 (MAFF-02-10266). A drastic increase in transformation frequency was(More)
In the present study, we developed an efficient protocol for in vitro plant regeneration and genetically transformed root induction in medicinal plant Artemisia aucheri Boiss. Leaf explants were cultivated in MS medium supplemented by combination of plant growth regulators including α-naphthalene-acetic acid, 6-benzyl-aminopurine, indole-3-acetic acid and(More)
Nepeta pogonosperma is an important medicinal plant with anti-inflammatory effects. An efficient and reliable transformation system for this plant was developed through optimization of several factors which affected the rate of Agrobacterium rhizogenes mediated transformation. Five bacterial strains, A4, ATCC15834, LBA9402, MSU440 and A13, two explant(More)
WHO recommends artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) as the most effective choice to treat malaria. For developing transgenic plants with high accumulation of artemisinin (by introducing genes encoding enzymes which regulate the biosynthetic pathway of artemisinin), an efficient protocol for tissue culture and plant regeneration is necessary. In(More)
Persian poppy (Papaver bracteatum Lindl.) is an important commercial source of medicinal opiates and related compounds. In this research, calli were induced from seeds, roots, cotyledons and hypocotyls of P. bracteatum at a high efficiency. The optimized callus induction media consisted of the Murashige and Skoog (MS) basic media supplemented with 1.0 mg/L(More)