Hala F Faragalla

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Metastasis results in most of the cancer deaths in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate many important cell functions and play important roles in tumor development, metastasis and progression. In our previous study, we identified a miRNA signature for metastatic RCC. In this study, we validated the top differentially(More)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common neoplasm of the kidney. Increasing evidence suggests that microRNAs are dysregulated in RCC and are important factors in RCC pathogenesis. miR-21 is a known oncogene with tumor-promoting effects in many types of cancer. In this study, we analyzed miR-21 in 121 cases of healthy kidney and different RCC subtypes,(More)
The behavior of clear cell renal cell carcinoma can be difficult to predict. Angiogenesis has proven to be a useful prognostic indicator in different malignancies. Endoglin (CD105) is a new marker of angiogenesis found to have prognostic utility in various tumors. Here, we provide the first automated digital assessment of intratumoral microvascular density(More)
Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is a malignant neuroectodermal tumor that typically occurs in the superior nasal cavity. It is a distinct entity with features that include nesting, low-grade stippled nuclei, and neurofibrillary stroma with formation of pseudorosettes. It has a distinctive immunoprofile that includes keratin negativity, neuroendocrine marker(More)
Background:Kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) are a family of serine proteases that have been shown to be dysregulated in several malignancies including ovarian cancer. The control of kallikrein genes and their physiological function in cancer is not well understood. We hypothesized that microRNAs (miRNAs) represent a novel mechanism for(More)
Tumor microvascular density (MVD) has been shown to correlate with the aggressiveness of several cancers. With the introduction of targeted anti-angiogenic therapy, assessment of MVD has the potential not only as a prognostic but also as a therapeutic marker. The significance of tumor vascularity in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) has been debated,(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous publications have shown an increased incidence of various malignancies amongst renal transplant populations. The objective of this study was to analyze the rate and types of malignancies occurring in the St. Michael's Hospital renal transplant population and to determine whether our results were comparable to those previously(More)
BACKGROUND Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with multinucleated giant cells has been reported in the literature. Different types of multinucleated giant cells have been described, including the osteoclast-like giant cells, rhabdoid cells, syncytial giant cells and tumor multinucleated giant cells. RESULTS We describe a unique case of a clear cell RCC with(More)
Microcalcifications (MCs) are tiny deposits of calcium in breast soft tissue. Approximately 30% of early invasive breast cancers have fine, granular MCs detectable on mammography; however, their significance in breast tumorigenesis is controversial. This study had two objectives: (1) to find associations between mammographic MCs and tumor pathology, and (2)(More)
BACKGROUND The muscularis mucosa underlying the metaplastic mucosa of Barrett esophagus is frequently duplicated, with an intervening layer of lamina propria between the superficial or neomuscularis mucosa (NMM) and the deep/true muscularis mucosa (TMM). This duplication causes difficulties with accurate staging of superficially invasive carcinoma in biopsy(More)