Learn More
In four experiments, participants made a speeded manual response to a tone and concurrently selected a cued visual target from a masked display for later unspeeded report. In contrast to a previous study of H. Pashler (1991), systematic interactions between the two tasks were obtained. First, accuracy in both tasks decreased with decreasing stimulus(More)
A link has been established between impulsivity in real-world situations and impulsive decision making in laboratory tasks in brain-damaged patients and individuals with substance abuse. Whether or not this link exists for all individuals is less clear. We conducted an experiment to determine whether taxing central executive processes with a demanding(More)
Two types of theories have been advanced to account for how attention is allocated in performing goal-directed visual tasks. According to location-based theories, visual attention is allocated to spatial locations in the image; according to object-based theories, attention is allocated to perceptual objects. Evidence for the latter view comes from(More)
We performed 4 experiments assessing the learning that occurs when taking a test. Our experiments used multiple-choice tests because the processes deployed during testing can be manipulated by varying the nature of the choice alternatives. Previous research revealed that a multiple-choice test that includes " none of the above " (NOTA) produces better(More)
How can the cognitive science community take what they have learned from decades of laboratory research and make it useful to shaping instruction as it occurs in school? This question has been of interest over the past thirty years (e.g., Carver & Klahr, 2001), but much of what has been learned by cognitive scientists continues to remain within the(More)
Key Points • • Educational reform will include a means of standardizing testing. • • Testing is useful for more than just assessment. • • Tests can promote learning directly. • • The development of standardized tests should take into account the ways in which tests are known to benefit learning. Educational outcomes in the United States are a source of(More)
  • 1