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Brown adipose tissue (BAT) has attracted scientific interest as an antidiabetic tissue owing to its ability to dissipate energy as heat. Despite a plethora of data concerning the role of BAT in glucose metabolism in rodents, the role of BAT (if any) in glucose metabolism in humans remains unclear. To investigate whether BAT activation alters whole-body(More)
INTRODUCTION Severe thermal injury is characterized by profound morbidity and mortality. Advances in burn and critical care, including early excision and grafting, aggressive resuscitation and advances in antimicrobial therapy have made substantial contributions to decrease morbidity and mortality. Despite these advances, death still occurs. Our aim was to(More)
The morbidity and mortality of burn victims increase when burn injury is combined with smoke inhalation. The goal of the present study was to develop a murine model of burn and smoke inhalation injury to more precisely reveal the mechanistic aspects of these pathological changes. The burn injury mouse group received a 40% total body surface area(More)
Myocardiopathy is associated infrequently with centronuclear myopathy. We present biopsy studies of a 15 1/2-year-old black male who presented with profound acute congestive heart failure and diffuse muscular atrophy. Cardiac symptoms had been present for 6 months; limb weakness had been unassociated with either infantile hypotonia or developmental delay.(More)
The effects of neutral endopeptidase (NEP) in acute inflammation in the lung were studied using a newly developed murine model of smoke and burn (SB) injury. C57BL/6 mice were pretreated with an i.v. dose of a specific NEP antagonist CGS-24592 (10 mg/Kg) 1 h prior to SB injury (n = 5-8/group). Mice were anesthetized with i.p. ketamine/xylazine, intubated,(More)
A 29-week gestational age newborn male infant was found to have an echogenic mass in the 3rd ventricle by prenatal ultrasound 2 weeks prior to delivery. At delivery he was poorly responsive and had hydrocephalus and ascites. A CT scan after birth showed cerebral infarction, amorphous tissue in the left hemisphere and numerous calcifications. Despite(More)
We examined the buffy coats from 12 consecutive patients with neurodegenerative diseases to determine the value of autofluorescence study by fluorescence microscopy in parallel with electron microscopy, as a rapid and inexpensive screening procedure for lymphocyte inclusions characteristic of neuronal ceroidlipofuscinoses. Four patients (3 with neuronal(More)
Between August, 1978, and March, 1981, 24 boys with acute lymphocytic leukaemia (ALL) (14 non-B-cell non-T-cell, 6 pre-B-cell, and 4 T-cell) underwent bilateral wedge testicular biopsy at initial diagnosis. All testes were of normal size. Histological analysis was performed independently by three pathologists, 4 (3 non-B non-T, and 1 pre-B) of 20 patients(More)
The actions of various doses of haloperidol, pimozide, clozapine, and phenoxybenzamine were assessed on a conditioned-avoidance response (CAR) in control and 6-hydroxydopamine-treated rats, using a pole-climbing device. Haloperidol proved to be the most potent in disrupting the CAR. Pimozide was about 1.6 times less potent, and clozapine and(More)
Following radiotherapy for an extensive intraepithelial carcinoma of the conjunctiva and eyelid, a patient developed opacification of soft contact lenses used on the same side. Calcilm was demonstrated within the contact lenses by cytochemical methods and by energy-dispersive x-ray microanalysis. The phenomenon was associated with unilateral tear(More)
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