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Atlanto-axial subluxation (AAS) is caused by multiple conditions; however, idiopathic AAS patients without RA, upper-cervical spine anomalies or any other disorder are rarely encountered. This study retrospectively investigated the radiographic findings in idiopathic AAS patients, and clarified the differences between those AAS patients and those due to RA.(More)
STUDY DESIGN A radiographic study in 22 patients using magnetic resonance imaging was conducted. OBJECTIVE To describe the relation between postoperative cervical alignment and morphologic evaluation of the cervical extensor musculature, especially semispinalis cervics in laminoplasty. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Cervical laminoplasty has been widely(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to analyze the mechanism and prognostic factors of foot drop caused by lumbar degenerative conditions. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the charts of 28 patients with foot drop due to a herniated nucleus pulposus (HNP) or lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), scoring between 0 and 3 on manual muscle testing for the(More)
BACKGROUND Rotator cuff tear (RCT) is a common musculoskeletal disorder in the elderly. The large RCT is often irreparable due to the retraction and degeneration of the rotator cuff muscle. The integrity of the teres minor (TM) muscle is thought to affect postoperative functional recovery in some surgical treatments. Hypertrophy of the TM is found in some(More)
This report presents a case of non-traumatic posterior atlanto-occipital dislocation. A 36-year-old female was referred with a history of numbness of the extremities, vertigo and neck pain for 1 year. The patient had no history of trauma. The axial rotation of range of motion of the cervical spine was severely restricted. A lateral cervical radiograph in(More)
OBJECT The goal of this study was to investigate the relationship between preservation of the insertion of the deep extensor musculature of the cervical spine at C-2 and postoperative cervical alignment, especially differences between cases involving male and female patients, as well as the relationship between the loss of cervical lordosis and neurological(More)
We retrospectively investigated the radiographic findings in patients with atlanto-axial subluxation (AAS) due to rheumatoid arthritis, and clarified the effect of reduction of the atlanto-axial angle (AAA) on the cranio-cervical and subaxial angles. Forty-one patients, consisting of 29 females and 12 males, with AAS treated by surgery were reviewed. The(More)
This study investigated the preoperative morphology and postoperative fusion of the atlanto-axial joint (AAJ) in patients with atlanto-axial subluxation (AAS) due to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using computed tomography (CT). Furthermore, we examined the relationship between the preoperative morphology of AAJ and other radiographic results. Thirty patients(More)
Scoliosis is a condition that involves an abnormal curvature and deformity of the spinal vertebrae. The genetic background and key gene for congenital scoliosis in humans are still poorly understood. Ishibashi rats (ISR) have congenital malformation of the lumbar vertebrae leading to kyphoscoliosis similar to that seen in humans. To understand the(More)
BACKGROUND Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a traction apophysitis of the tibial tuberosity. Ultrasonography (US) is able to detect pathologic changes, such as cartilage swelling and fragmentation of the tibial tubercle ossification center. PURPOSE To compare the US stages of tibial tuberosity development and the physical features and prevalence of OSD(More)