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OBJECTIVES This study sought to assess proinflammatory cytokine levels in patients in the studies of left ventricular dysfunction trial (SOLVD) in relation to both their New York Heart Association functional classification and their neurohormonal status before randomization. BACKGROUND Elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha have been identified in(More)
BACKGROUND The pulmonary veins (PVs) have been demonstrated to often play an important role in generating atrial fibrillation (AF). The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of segmental PV isolation in patients with paroxysmal or persistent AF. METHODS AND RESULTS In 70 consecutive patients (mean age, 53 +/- 11 years) with(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a randomized, controlled trial of circumferential pulmonary-vein ablation for the treatment of chronic atrial fibrillation. METHODS A total of 146 patients with a mean (+/-SD) age of 57+/-9 years who had chronic atrial fibrillation were randomly assigned to receive amiodarone and undergo two cardioversions during the first three(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess the value of delayed-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI) to guide ablation of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NIC). BACKGROUND In patients with NIC, ventricular arrhythmias often are associated with scar tissue. DE-MRI can be used to precisely define scar(More)
BACKGROUND Frequent idiopathic premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) can result in a reversible form of left ventricular dysfunction. The factors resulting in impaired left ventricular function are unclear. Whether a critical burden of PVCs can result in cardiomyopathy has not been determined. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine a(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical significance of macroreentrant atrial tachycardia (AT) after left atrial (LA) circumferential ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND Linear ablation for AF may result in macroreentrant AT. METHODS Three hundred forty-nine patients (age 54 +/- 11 years) underwent(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine the mechanism of atrial tachycardia (AT) that occurs after ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND Patients who undergo catheter ablation of AF may develop AT during follow-up. METHODS Seventy-eight patients underwent an ablation procedure for AT after circumferential pulmonary vein ablation(More)
BACKGROUND Radiation therapy's (RT's) effects on cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) such as implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) and pacemakers (PMs) are not well established, leading to device removal or relocation in preparation for RT. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of scattered RT on CIED performance. METHODS We analyzed 69(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) usually are considered benign, even when frequent. However, case reports have demonstrated a possible link between frequent PVCs and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. In addition, frequent PVCs recently were demonstrated to be associated with increased LV dimensions and cardiomyopathy. METHODS(More)
To determine whether activation of the neutral sphingomyelinase pathway was responsible for the immediate (<30 min) negative inotropic effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), we examined sphingosine levels in diluent and TNF-alpha-stimulated cardiac myocytes. TNF-alpha stimulation of adult feline cardiac myocytes provoked a rapid (<15 min)(More)