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OBJECTIVES This study sought to assess proinflammatory cytokine levels in patients in the studies of left ventricular dysfunction trial (SOLVD) in relation to both their New York Heart Association functional classification and their neurohormonal status before randomization. BACKGROUND Elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha have been identified in(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess the value of delayed-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI) to guide ablation of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NIC). BACKGROUND In patients with NIC, ventricular arrhythmias often are associated with scar tissue. DE-MRI can be used to precisely define scar(More)
BACKGROUND The pulmonary veins (PVs) have been demonstrated to often play an important role in generating atrial fibrillation (AF). The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of segmental PV isolation in patients with paroxysmal or persistent AF. METHODS AND RESULTS In 70 consecutive patients (mean age, 53 +/- 11 years) with(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical significance of macroreentrant atrial tachycardia (AT) after left atrial (LA) circumferential ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND Linear ablation for AF may result in macroreentrant AT. METHODS Three hundred forty-nine patients (age 54 +/- 11 years) underwent(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a randomized, controlled trial of circumferential pulmonary-vein ablation for the treatment of chronic atrial fibrillation. METHODS A total of 146 patients with a mean (+/-SD) age of 57+/-9 years who had chronic atrial fibrillation were randomly assigned to receive amiodarone and undergo two cardioversions during the first three(More)
BACKGROUND Radiation therapy's (RT's) effects on cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) such as implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) and pacemakers (PMs) are not well established, leading to device removal or relocation in preparation for RT. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of scattered RT on CIED performance. METHODS We analyzed 69(More)
To determine whether activation of the neutral sphingomyelinase pathway was responsible for the immediate (<30 min) negative inotropic effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), we examined sphingosine levels in diluent and TNF-alpha-stimulated cardiac myocytes. TNF-alpha stimulation of adult feline cardiac myocytes provoked a rapid (<15 min)(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) shortens the atrial effective refractory period (ERP) and predisposes to further episodes of AF. The acute changes in atrial refractoriness may be related to tachycardia-induced intracellular calcium overload. The purpose of this study was to determine whether digoxin, which increases intracellular calcium, potentiates(More)
BACKGROUND It is not clear whether dabigatran is as safe and effective as uninterrupted anticoagulation with warfarin during radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA) of atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE To compare the safety and efficacy of dabigatran by using a novel administration protocol and uninterrupted anticoagulation with warfarin for(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of epicardial idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias that can be ablated from within the coronary venous system (CVS) has not been described. METHODS AND RESULTS In a consecutive group of 189 patients with idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias referred for ablation, the site of origin (SOO) of ventricular tachycardia and/or premature(More)