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Vitamin D(3) is known to be involved in neuroprotection and exert its neuroprotective effects by modulating neuronal calcium homeostasis and production of neurotrophins. The single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene which can influence the affinity of vitamin D(3) to its receptor may be related to neurodegenerative diseases and(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with a poorly understood etiology. There is considerable evidence that oxidative stress occurs in AD and increased DNA damage has been found in brain tissues and leukocytes of AD patients. Base excision repair (BER) is the major pathway responsible for removing oxidative DNA damage.(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is defined pathologically by the presence of beta-amyloid plaques, neurofibrillary tangles and extensive neuronal loss. Evidence indicates that increased DNA damage may contribute to neuronal loss in AD. Recently, it has been shown that in AD neurons have a reduced capacity for some types of DNA repair. Polymorphisms in DNA repair(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the long-term prognosis of neurologic involvement in Behçet syndrome. DESIGN Forty-six patients with Behçet syndrome, who had been the subjects of a previous report with short-term follow-up, were reexamined 7 years later; 42 of them could be reexamined neurologically. Neuropsychological testing, magnetic resonance imaging,(More)
Presenilin-1 is known to contribute to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. The association of an intronic polymorphism (rs165932) of the presenilin-1 gene with late-onset Alzheimer's disease has been documented. However, contradicting results have been shown in different populations. The aim of the current study is to determine whether there is an(More)
Autoimmune encephalitis associated with glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GAD-Ab) often presents with treatment-resistant partial seizures, as well as other central nervous system symptoms. In contrast to several other well-characterized autoantibodies, GAD-Ab has very rarely been associated with status epilepticus. We report a 63-year-old woman(More)
Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis (PLE) is a remote, nonmetastatic complication of carcinoma. Neuropsychiatric symptoms usually predate the diagnosis of cancer by 3 months to 6 years and very rarely the symptoms develop after the diagnosis of malignancy. We report the first case of limbic encephalitis associated with an immature ovarian teratoma. Within(More)
Alzheimer's disease (EOAD, LOAD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Parkinson's disease (PD) and healthy controls were included to determine the serum interleukin-1s (IL-1α, IL-1β), IL-6 and alpha-2-macroglobulin (α2M) levels using ELISA. IL-6 might be a significant contributor to the inflammatory response in LOAD. The MCI data indicate that IL-1s, α2M and(More)
The frequency of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) mutations has been extensively investigated in several populations; however, a systematic analysis in Turkish cases has not been reported so far. In this study, we screened 477 ALS patients for mutations, including 116 familial ALS patients from 82 families and 361 sporadic ALS (sALS) cases. Patients were(More)
Both multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuro-Behcet's disease (NBD) can cause a cognitive dysfunction mainly involving the executive functions. We conducted this study to clarify the probable differential cognitive/behavioral profiles of MS and NBD. Twenty consecutive cases with parenchymal NBD (13 male, seven female), and 20 cases with MS (five male, 15 female)(More)