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Vitamin D(3) is known to be involved in neuroprotection and exert its neuroprotective effects by modulating neuronal calcium homeostasis and production of neurotrophins. The single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene which can influence the affinity of vitamin D(3) to its receptor may be related to neurodegenerative diseases and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the long-term prognosis of neurologic involvement in Behçet syndrome. DESIGN Forty-six patients with Behçet syndrome, who had been the subjects of a previous report with short-term follow-up, were reexamined 7 years later; 42 of them could be reexamined neurologically. Neuropsychological testing, magnetic resonance imaging,(More)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic disease characterized by repetitive, unwanted intrusive thoughts and ritualistic behaviors. Studies of neuropsychological functions in OCD have documented deficits in several cognitive domains, particularly with regard to visuospatial abilities, executive functioning, and motor speed. The objective of the(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is defined pathologically by the presence of beta-amyloid plaques, neurofibrillary tangles and extensive neuronal loss. Evidence indicates that increased DNA damage may contribute to neuronal loss in AD. Recently, it has been shown that in AD neurons have a reduced capacity for some types of DNA repair. Polymorphisms in DNA repair(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with a poorly understood etiology. There is considerable evidence that oxidative stress occurs in AD and increased DNA damage has been found in brain tissues and leukocytes of AD patients. Base excision repair (BER) is the major pathway responsible for removing oxidative DNA damage.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The polymorphism (rs1800587) in the 5'-flanking regulatory region at -889 of the interleukin-1alpha gene has been shown to be associated with inflammatory diseases and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of the current study is to determine whether there is an association between the promoter region polymorphism of the interleukin-1alpha gene(More)
Autoimmune encephalitis associated with glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GAD-Ab) often presents with treatment-resistant partial seizures, as well as other central nervous system symptoms. In contrast to several other well-characterized autoantibodies, GAD-Ab has very rarely been associated with status epilepticus. We report a 63-year-old woman(More)
Identifying early-detection biomarkers have become an increasingly important approach in the treatment and prevention of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we investigated the potential of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), complement factor H (CFH), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), interleukin 10 (IL-10), and heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) as(More)
Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis (PLE) is a remote, nonmetastatic complication of carcinoma. Neuropsychiatric symptoms usually predate the diagnosis of cancer by 3 months to 6 years and very rarely the symptoms develop after the diagnosis of malignancy. We report the first case of limbic encephalitis associated with an immature ovarian teratoma. Within(More)
Alzheimer's disease (EOAD, LOAD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Parkinson's disease (PD) and healthy controls were included to determine the serum interleukin-1s (IL-1α, IL-1β), IL-6 and alpha-2-macroglobulin (α2M) levels using ELISA. IL-6 might be a significant contributor to the inflammatory response in LOAD. The MCI data indicate that IL-1s, α2M and(More)