Hakan C Karadag

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The antinociceptive action of cannabinoids in acute and inflammatory pain states have been well-documented. There is also accumulating evidence suggesting that cannabinoids are effective analgesics in chronic pain conditions. WIN 55,212-2, a mixed CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptor agonist, has been shown to be effective against hyperalgesia and allodynia in(More)
Recent observations suggest the involvement of adenosine in the peripheral antinociceptive effect of amitriptyline in nerve-injury-induced neuropathic pain. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate, firstly, the peripheral and systemic effects of amitriptyline on tactile allodynia in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rat model of(More)
The protective effect of moclobemide, a reversible and highly selective inhibitor of monoamine oxidase-A, against hypoxia-induced lethality was investigated in the present experiment. Moclobemide showed an apparent protective potency against hypoxia and significantly prolonged the latencies for convulsions and death in a dose-dependent manner. Hypothermia(More)
Recent evidence suggests that agmatine, an endogenous polyamine metabolite, might be an important neurotransmitter in central nervous system and has potential as a treatment of pain. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of agmatine on allodynia in two experimental neuropathic pain models, the spinal nerve ligation (SNL) model and the streptozocin(More)
Morphine is known to release histamine from mast cells and increase the turnover of neuronal histamine. It is also known that histamine receptors mediate some of the morphine effects. The contribution of histamine H1 and H2 receptors to the thermoregulatory effect of morphine in mice was investigated in the present experiments. Morphine produced a(More)
Combinations of analgesics from different classes are commonly used in the management of chronic pain. The goal is to enhance pain relief together with the reduction of side effects. The present study was undertaken to examine the anti-allodynic synergy resulting from the combination of WIN 55,212-2, a cannabinoid CB1 receptor agonist, and JTC-801, a(More)
It has been indicated that acute and chronic morphine administrations enhance nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) levels in the brain, which might play role in the development of tolerance to the antinociceptive effect of morphine. Accordingly, N/OFQ receptor (NOP) antagonists have been shown to prevent the development of antinociceptive tolerance to morphine.(More)
In this study, we investigated the behavioral effects of MK-801 (1-20 micrograms) injected into the posterior parts of nucleus accumbens (ACC) and caudate-putamen (CP) in rats. Interactions of diazepam (DZP, 10 micrograms), haloperidol (HPD, 2 micrograms), and scopolamine (SCOP, 10 micrograms) with 20 micrograms of MK-801 were also studied. All injections(More)
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