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Dynamic remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton plays an essential role in the migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells. It has been suggested that actin remodeling may also play an important functional role in nonmigrating, nonproliferating differentiated vascular smooth muscle (dVSM). In the present study, we show that contractile agonists(More)
Our group has previously shown that vasoconstrictors increase net actin polymerization in differentiated vascular smooth muscle cells (dVSMC) and that increased actin polymerization is linked to contractility of vascular tissue (Kim et al., Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 295: C768-778, 2008). However, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Here, we(More)
Here we report and validate a new method, suitable broadly, for use in differentiated cells and tissues, for the direct visualization of actin polymerization under physiological conditions. We have designed and tested different versions of fluorescently labeled actin, reversibly attached to the protein transduction tag TAT, and have introduced this novel(More)
Reflux esophagitis results from repeated exposure of the esophagus to acidic gastric juice or bile-containing duodenal contents. In Barrett's adenocarcinoma, acid increases proliferation via ERK and p38 MAPK activation. This study was focused on determination of the mechanism(s) underlying MAPKs (ERK 1/2, p38 MAPK, and JNK) activation induced by acidic(More)
A 7-kDa protein was purified from extracts of adult Clonorchis sinensis by a combination of ammonium sulfate precipitation, anion exchange chromatography, cation exchange chromatography, gel-filtration chromatography, and reversed-phase FPLC. The 7-kDa protein exists in the excretory-secretory products of adult C. sinensis, but not in extracts of adult(More)
A thin-filament-regulated latch-bridge model of smooth muscle contraction is proposed to integrate thin-filament-based inhibition of actomyosin ATPase activity with myosin phosphorylation in the regulation of smooth muscle mechanics. The model included two latch-bridge cycles, one of which was identical to the four-state model as proposed by Hai and Murphy(More)
Radiofrequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) is used globally in conjunction with mobile communications. There are public concerns of the perceived deleterious biological consequences of RF-EMF exposure. This study assessed neuronal effects of RF-EMF on the cerebral cortex of the mouse brain as a proxy for cranial exposure during mobile phone use. C57BL/6(More)
We tested the hypothesis that cholinergic receptor stimulation recruits actin- and integrin-binding proteins from the cytoplasm to the cytoskeleton-membrane complex in intact airway smooth muscle. We stimulated bovine tracheal smooth muscle with carbachol and fractionated the tissue homogenate into pellet (P) and supernatant (S) by ultracentrifugation. In(More)
AIMS Soybean-derived PC is an essential cell membrane phospholipid that is composed of unsaturated fatty acids, including oleic acid. The present study aimed to evaluate the potential alleviation effects of soybean PC on high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and its related complications. MAIN METHODS We fed C57BL/6 mice a HFD for 12 weeks and administered(More)
Neuroinflammation with prolonged microglial activation leads to increased levels of pro-inflammatory mediators and subsequently contributes to neuronal dysfunction and neuronal loss. Therefore, pharmacological suppression of neuroinflammation would theoretically slow the progression of neurodegenerative disease. In this study, we investigated the(More)