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Dynamic remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton plays an essential role in the migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells. It has been suggested that actin remodeling may also play an important functional role in nonmigrating, nonproliferating differentiated vascular smooth muscle (dVSM). In the present study, we show that contractile agonists(More)
Our group has previously shown that vasoconstrictors increase net actin polymerization in differentiated vascular smooth muscle cells (dVSMC) and that increased actin polymerization is linked to contractility of vascular tissue (Kim et al., Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 295: C768-778, 2008). However, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Here, we(More)
A thin-filament-regulated latch-bridge model of smooth muscle contraction is proposed to integrate thin-filament-based inhibition of actomyosin ATPase activity with myosin phosphorylation in the regulation of smooth muscle mechanics. The model included two latch-bridge cycles, one of which was identical to the four-state model as proposed by Hai and Murphy(More)
We tested the hypothesis that cholinergic receptor stimulation recruits actin- and integrin-binding proteins from the cytoplasm to the cytoskeleton-membrane complex in intact airway smooth muscle. We stimulated bovine tracheal smooth muscle with carbachol and fractionated the tissue homogenate into pellet (P) and supernatant (S) by ultracentrifugation. In(More)
Here we report and validate a new method, suitable broadly, for use in differentiated cells and tissues, for the direct visualization of actin polymerization under physiological conditions. We have designed and tested different versions of fluorescently labeled actin, reversibly attached to the protein transduction tag TAT, and have introduced this novel(More)
Neuroinflammation with prolonged microglial activation leads to increased levels of pro-inflammatory mediators and subsequently contributes to neuronal dysfunction and neuronal loss. Therefore, pharmacological suppression of neuroinflammation would theoretically slow the progression of neurodegenerative disease. In this study, we investigated the(More)
ERK influences a number of pathways in all cells, but how ERK activities are segregated between different pathways has not been entirely clear. Using immunoprecipitation and pulldown experiments with domain-specific recombinant fragments, we show that smooth muscle archvillin (SmAV) binds ERK and members of the ERK signaling cascade in a domain-specific,(More)
A 7-kDa protein was purified from extracts of adult Clonorchis sinensis by a combination of ammonium sulfate precipitation, anion exchange chromatography, cation exchange chromatography, gel-filtration chromatography, and reversed-phase FPLC. The 7-kDa protein exists in the excretory-secretory products of adult C. sinensis, but not in extracts of adult(More)
The mechanism of the protective effect of quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucuronopyranoside (QGC) from the leaves of Rumex aqauticus on indomethacin (IND, a representative NSAID)-induced gastric damage in rats was investigated. Pre-treatment with QGC significantly attenuated IND-induced gastric mucosal injury. An increase in myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and(More)
AIMS Soybean-derived PC is an essential cell membrane phospholipid that is composed of unsaturated fatty acids, including oleic acid. The present study aimed to evaluate the potential alleviation effects of soybean PC on high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and its related complications. MAIN METHODS We fed C57BL/6 mice a HFD for 12 weeks and administered(More)