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BACKGROUND Lung function data in healthy newborn infants are scarce largely due to lack of suitable techniques, although data for developmental and prenatal exposure studies are much needed. We have modified the forced oscillation technique (FOT) for the measurement of respiratory mechanical impedance (Zrs) in unsedated sleeping infants in the first 3 days… (More)
Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are heterogeneous disorders that share a reduction in the size of brainstem and cerebellum. We describe a patient with features of the rare combination of pontocerebellar hypoplasia and spinal motor neuron disease. Parental consanguinity, low Apgar scores, facial weakness, dysphagia, tongue fasciculations, stridor, generalized… (More)
Myotubular myopathy is a well-defined entity within the centronuclear myopathy subgroup of congenital myopathies. The authors present a patient with the most severe X-linked recessive type (XLMTM). A baby boy presented at birth with severe hypotonia, weak spontaneous movements, arthrogryposis, and respiratory insufficiency. Muscle biopsy showed features of… (More)
Copyright: © 2016 Csoma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Nemaline myopathy is a type of the heterogeneous group of congenital myopathies. Generalized hypotonia, weakness, and delayed motor development are the main clinical features of the typical congenital form. Histopathology shows characteristic nemaline rods in the muscle biopsy. Mutations in at least 7 genes, including nebulin gene (NEB), proved to be… (More)
BACKGROUND The similar genetic background of a pair of twins, and the similar environmental impacts to which they are exposed allow an exact and objective investigation of various constitutional and environmental factors in naevus development. As far as we are aware, this is the first published survey that simultaneously examines cutaneous and ocular… (More)