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BACKGROUND Stomatitis in cancer chemotherapy manifests with pronounced subjective symptoms, lowers the patient's quality of life (QOL) and may necessitate the discontinuation of chemotherapy. There have been few effective therapies established to date for chemotherapy-induced stomatitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS We used frozen allopurinol solution(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We analyzed how many lymph nodes should be examined to establish the presence or absence of lymph node metastasis, a staging factor, based on cumulative survival rate in colorectal cancer. METHODOLOGY Among those who had undergone curative resection of colorectal cancer and lymphadenectomy exceeding D2, 94 patients with Dukes' B colorectal(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To confirm the incidence and risk factors of incisional hernia after colorectal cancer surgery, we analyzed the clinical data including the surveillance computed tomography (CT) examination. METHODOLOGY One hundred sixty seven patients with open abdominal surgery for colorectal cancer were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS Incisional(More)
Schwannomas occurring in the gastrointestinal tract are rare, and among them, schwannomas of the large intestine are extremely rare. In this paper, we report a case of a macroscopically atypical schwannoma of the transverse colon. The case is a female aged 67. Stool occult blood test was positive, and colonoscopy revealed a protruded lesion resembling a(More)
UNLABELLED The distance of tumor invasion beyond the outer border of the muscularis propria (DBM) was measured whether it would be useful as a prognostic factor of the locally advanced rectal and rectosigmoid cancer was analyzed. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred patients with rectal and rectosigmoid cancer invaded beyond muscularis propria who underwent(More)
UNLABELLED We evaluated the significance of the prognostic nutritional index(PNI)and modified Glasgow Prognostic Score(mGPS)in colorectal cancer resection. METHODS We classified 165 patients undergoing colorectal cancer excision according to PNI(>40 [n=141]and ≤40[n=24])and mGPS (A/B[n=95], C[n=44], and D [n=26]). We examined the incidence of(More)
BACKGROUND S-1 is a novel oral anticancer drug, composed of tegafur (FT), gimestat (CDHP) and otastat potassium (Oxo) in a molar ratio of 1:0.4:1. S-1 plus irinotecan (CPT-11) administered for advanced colorectal cancer could be expected to show as equally good results as the infusional 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin (5-FU/LV) with CPT-11 (FOLFIRI) regimen. When(More)
BACKGROUND Human X-box binding protein 1 (XBP-1) is a transcription factor essential for hepatocyte growth, as well as for plasma cell differentiation. Recently, overexpression of XBP-1 has been reported in breast cancer including non-invasive carcinomas, and was suggested to play an important role in breast carcinogenesis. To investigate the involvement of(More)
AIM To assess the practical efficacy of low-dose leucovorin plus 5-fluorouracil (LV/5-FU) in elderly patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS The records of 20 patients treated with LV/5-FU for unresectable metastatic disease from colorectal cancer from 1999 to 2004 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients received LV/5-FU as(More)
UNLABELLED Anticancer drugs may frequently induce host immunosuppression and symptomatic toxicities. Once symptomatic toxicity occurs, the patient's quality-of-life (QOL) is reduced. Since little is known of the relationship between host immunity and the toxicity of chemotherapy, the host immunity before and after chemotherapy was compared to assess whether(More)