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A class IV chitinase belonging to the glycoside hydrolase 19 family from Nepenthes alata (NaCHIT1) was expressed in Escherichia coli. The enzyme exhibited weak activity toward polymeric substrates and significant activity toward (GlcNAc)(n) [β-1,4-linked oligosaccharide of GlcNAc with a polymerization degree of n (n = 4-6)]. The enzyme hydrolyzed the third(More)
Fucosyloligosaccharides have great therapeutic potential. Here we present a new route for synthesizing a Fucalpha1,2Gal linkage by introducing glycosynthase technology into 1,2-alpha-l-fucosidase. The enzyme adopts a unique reaction mechanism, in which asparagine-423 activated by aspartic acid-766 acts as a base while asparagine-421 fixes both a catalytic(More)
The tyrosine residue Y198 is known to support a nucleophilic water molecule with the general base residue, D263, in the reducing-end xylose-releasing exo-oligoxylanase (Rex). A mutation in the tyrosine residue changing it into phenylalanine caused a drastic decrease in the hydrolytic activity and a small increase in the F(-) releasing activity from(More)
NADPH-dependent erythrose reductases (ERs) in erythritol-producing fungi, Trichosporonoides megachiliensis SNG-42, catalyze the reduction of D-erythrose. We previously characterized the biochemical properties of three isozymes of ERs (ER-I, ER-II, and ER-III). Using internal amino acid sequences of ER-III and ER-I with peptide mapping, we cloned three cDNAs(More)
Expression of the gene for protein-arginine deiminase 2 (PADI2) has been shown to be downregulated in colon cancer, with such downregulation being indicative of a poor prognosis in individuals with this disease. We have now examined the expression of PADI2 in matched colon cancer and normal colon tissue specimens as well as in colon cancer cell lines. We(More)
As acrylamide is a known neurotoxin for many animals and potential carcinogen for humans, it came as a surprise when the Swedish National Food Agency and Stockholm University reported in 2002 that it is formed during the frying or baking of foods. We report here genomic and proteomic analyses on genes and proteins of Caenorhabditis elegans exposed to 500(More)
By DNA microarray and protein 2-DE screens for Caenorhabditis elegans genes up-regulated by acrylamide, we selected the gst-4 gene and constructed a gst::gfp fusion gene, which was used to transform C. elegans into a biosensor for acrylamide. This biosensor detects acrylamide as a GFP-expression signal in a dose- and time-dependent manner. When the(More)
The neurotoxic, genotoxic and carcinogenic effects of industrial exposure to acrylamide have been studied in animals and humans for more than 30 years. A recent search for the cause of high background levels of acrylamide in industrially unexposed people revealed that it is formed during the frying or baking of foods by means of the Maillard reaction. To(More)
We present autonomously oscillating viscosity in microgel dispersions. The microgels were obtained by introducing the Ru catalyst for the Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction into a cross-linked copolymer. In this microgel system, the chemical energy of the BZ reaction is converted to rhythmic swelling/deswelling oscillation of the microgels. Moreover,(More)
A chitinase gene belonging to the glycoside hydrolase family 19 from Vibrio proteolyticus (chi19) was cloned. The recombinant enzyme (Chi19) showed weak activities against polymeric substrates and considerable activities against fully N-acetylated chitooligosaccharides, (GlcNAc)(n), whose degree of polymerization was greater than or equal to five. It(More)