Hajime Takahashi

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A specific serotype of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, O3:K6, has recently been linked to epidemics of gastroenteritis in Southeast Asia, Japan, and North America. These pandemic O3:K6 strains appear to have recently spread across continents from a single origin to reach global coverage, based on profiling of strains by several molecular typing methods. In this(More)
The incidence of Listeria monocytogenes in raw fish, shellfish, and fish roe was investigated in seafood products collected from randomly selected retail stores in and around Tokyo, Japan. Of the 10 samples of 208 examined found positive for L. monocytogenes by mini-VIDAS LMO, seven were fish roe (cod, salmon) and three were minced tuna. Three serotypes(More)
Rapid enumeration of Escherichia coli strains by quantitative real-time PCR targeting the uidA gene was developed and confirmed for minced beef, tuna and raw oyster. Higher sensitivity (1 CFU/g of E. coli in all three food samples) was obtained by incubating for 7 h in TSB. Colony-directed E. coli specific TaqMan PCR assay could effectively distinguish(More)
We encountered two cases of fatal necrotizing fasciitis caused by Photobacterium damsela in Japan. Both cases occurred in fishermen who became sick after fishing. They developed multiple organ failure within 20 to 36 h from the onset of initial symptoms despite intensive chemotherapy and surgical treatments.
The use of molecular tools for early and rapid detection of gram-negative histamine-producing bacteria is important for preventing the accumulation of histamine in fish products. To date, no molecular detection or identification system for gram-negative histamine-producing bacteria has been developed. A molecular method that allows the rapid detection of(More)
Listeria monocytogenes causes listeriosis in humans mainly through consumption of ready-to-eat foods. Immunocompromised persons, the elderly, and pregnant women and their fetuses or newborns are at highest risk for the infection. To isolate probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) with inhibitory effects against L. monocytogenes, we screened for acid and bile(More)
Edible brown algae are used as major food material in Far East Asian countries, particularly in South Korea and Japan. They contain fermentable dietary fibers, alginic acid (uronic acid polymer) and laminaran (β-1,3-glucan), that are fermented into organic acids by intestinal bacteria. To clarify the effect of edible algae on the intestinal environment, the(More)
To clarify the effect of type of foods on the intestinal environment, Far East Asian- (FEA; rich in rice starch, soy protein and soy oil) and Far East Asian marine- (FEAM; rich in rice starch, fish meal, fish oil and brown alga) modelled diets and sucrose, casein and beef tallow-rich (SCB) diet were prepared. After the 2-week administration of diets in(More)
BACKGROUND In households and food processing plants, minute food residues left behind from improper cleaning may influence the survivability of human norovirus on surfaces. In this study, the survivability of norovirus on desiccated food residue-attached stainless steel coupons was investigated. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Using murine norovirus-1(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is of great concern as a foodborne pathogen. Many ready-to-eat foods are widely contaminated with this organism and have caused listeriosis outbreaks and sporadic cases in many countries. In Japan, there is a high incidence of L. monocytogenes contamination, specifically in raw ready-to-eat seafood. Identical L. monocytogenes subtypes(More)