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To clarify the effect of type of foods on the intestinal environment, Far East Asian- (FEA; rich in rice starch, soy protein and soy oil) and Far East Asian marine- (FEAM; rich in rice starch, fish meal, fish oil and brown alga) modelled diets and sucrose, casein and beef tallow-rich (SCB) diet were prepared. After the 2-week administration of diets in(More)
Listeria monocytogenes serotype 4b strains have been identified as the causative agent in many human listeriosis epidemics as well as in a considerable number of sporadic cases. Due to the genetic homogeneity of serotype 4b isolates, development of rapid subtyping methods with high discriminatory power for serotype 4b isolates is required to allow for(More)
A novel alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase was found in a hyperthermophilic archaeon, Thermococcus litoralis. The amino acid sequence of the enzyme did not show a similarity to any alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferases reported so far. Homologues of the enzyme appear to be present in almost all hyperthermophilic archaea whose whole genomes have been(More)
A rapid system using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis targeting 16S rDNA is described for microbial population analysis in edible fish samples. The defined terminal restriction fragment database was constructed by collecting 102 strains of bacteria representing 53 genera that are associated with fish. Digestion of these(More)
Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae has been known as an opportunistic pathogen in fish and mammals. Human infectious cases are often very serious and occasionally fatal. We previously reportedtwo fatal cases caused by this subspecies where the patients developed multiple organ failure within 20-36 h after the onset of initial symptoms. Despite its(More)
Edible brown algae are used as major food material in Far East Asian countries, particularly in South Korea and Japan. They contain fermentable dietary fibers, alginic acid (uronic acid polymer) and laminaran (β-1,3-glucan), that are fermented into organic acids by intestinal bacteria. To clarify the effect of edible algae on the intestinal environment, the(More)
The use of molecular tools for early and rapid detection of gram-negative histamine-producing bacteria is important for preventing the accumulation of histamine in fish products. To date, no molecular detection or identification system for gram-negative histamine-producing bacteria has been developed. A molecular method that allows the rapid detection of(More)
Listeria monocytogenes causes listeriosis in humans mainly through consumption of ready-to-eat foods. Immunocompromised persons, the elderly, and pregnant women and their fetuses or newborns are at highest risk for the infection. To isolate probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) with inhibitory effects against L. monocytogenes, we screened for acid and bile(More)
BACKGROUND The bacterial flora of two Japanese traditional fermented fish products, aji-narezushi (salted and long-fermented horse mackerel (Trachurus japonicas) with rice) and iwashi-nukazuke (salted and long-fermented sardine (Sardinops melanostica) with rice bran), was analysed using non-culture-based polymerase chain reaction (PCR) denaturing gradient(More)
Listeria monocytogenes causes listeriosis in humans, mainly through the consumption of ready-to-eat foods such as cheese. Immunocompromised persons, the elderly, and pregnant women and their fetuses or newborns are at the highest risk for the infection. We examined the effects of dietary milk-casein (MC) and soy-protein (SP), and their digested compounds(More)