Hajime Shiba

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Allyl sulfides are characteristic flavor components obtained from garlic. These sulfides are thought to be responsible for their epidemiologically proven anticancer effect on garlic eaters. This study was aimed at clarifying the molecular basis of this anticancer effect of garlic by using human colon cancer cell lines HCT-15 and DLD-1. The growth of the(More)
Fish genomes possess three type II interferon (IFN) genes, ifnγ1, ifnγ2 and ifnγ-related (ifnγrel). The IFNγ-dependent STAT signalling pathway found in humans and mice had not been characterized in fish previously. To identify the antiviral functions and signalling pathways of the type II IFN system in fish, we purified the ifnγ1, ifnγ2 and ifnγrel proteins(More)
The existence of fish-specific isoforms of interferon (IFN)γ, known as IFNγ-related (IFNγrel), has been reported in several fish species. However, comparisons with deduced amino acid sequences of known IFNγrels among several fish species have indicated significant differences at the C-terminus basic amino acid continuous sequences, which indicate the(More)
Neutral sphingomyelinase (nSMase) activation in response to environmental stress or inflammatory cytokine stimuli generates the second messenger ceramide, which mediates the stress-induced apoptosis. However, the signaling pathways and activation mechanism underlying this process have yet to be elucidated. Here we show that the phosphorylation of nSMase1(More)
To identify proteinases involved in programmed cell death of the silk glands of Bombyx mori, we measured enzyme activities in silk gland homogenates. Several peptidyl-4-methylcoumaryl-7-amides (MCAs) and bovine hemoglobin were used as substrates in the presence and absence of proteinase inhibitors. The hydrolysis of t-butyloxycarbonyl-Phe-Ser-Arg-MCA(More)
Granzyme B plays an important role in granule-mediated apoptosis by CTL. It is a well characterized component of the cytolytic machinery in mammals and a candidate for the evaluation of cytotoxic activity of CTL as an alternative to conventional cytotoxicity assay. In this study, we examined the effects of granzyme inhibitors to assess the characteristics(More)
To elucidate the degradation process of the posterior silk gland during metamorphosis of the silkworm ITALIC! Bombyx mori, tissues collected on the 6th day after entering the 5th instar (V6), prior to spinning (PS), during spinning (SP) and after cocoon formation (CO) were used to analyze macroautophagy, chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) and the adenosine(More)
Since the 1980s, the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) variants with slightly short variable regions (VR) of the 3′ non-translated region (NTR) have been found; however, the implications of these short VR remain unclear. We recently identified two novel types of short VR (5 and 9 nt shorter than that of major group of genotype I JEV strains) of genotype I(More)
BACKGROUND Dengue virus (DENV) and Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) belong to the genus Flavivirus, and infection with a virus within this genus induces antibodies that are cross-reactive to other flaviviruses. Particularly in DENV infection, antibodies to DENV possess two competing activities: neutralizing activity and infection-enhancing activity. These(More)
Granzymes (Gzms) are serine proteases released from cytoplasmic granules within cytotoxic T lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells. Gzms induce apoptosis within virus-infected and transformed cells. In fish as well as mammals, Gzms appear to play a major role in inducing target cell death. However, information on the function of fish Gzms is limited,(More)