Hajime Sasaki

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OBJECTIVE Diet composition alters the metabolic states of adipocytes and hepatocytes in diabetes. The effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibition on adipose tissue inflammation and fatty liver have been obscure. We investigated the extrapancreatic effects of DPP-4 inhibition on visceral fat and the liver. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We(More)
Immune senescence potentially leads to an increased risk of infections. It is desirable to augment the immune system and protect against infections by daily consumption of immunostimulatory food. The present study evaluated whether the intake of yoghurt fermented with Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus (L. bulgaricus) OLL1073R-1 has an effect on(More)
BACKGROUND One of the major pathophysiologies in advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been attributed to systemic inflammation. Meta-analysis of the 2005 Cochrane Database concluded the effect of nutritional supplementation alone on stable COPD was insufficient to promote body weight gain or exercise capacity. The aim of this study was(More)
Excessive dietary intake of carbohydrates and fats has been linked to the development of obesity. However, the mechanism by which these dietary factors interact to bring about metabolic changes has not been elucidated. We examined the combined effects of different types of dietary carbohydrates and fats on the etiology of obesity and its complications in(More)
The hepatoprotective effects of whey protein on two injections of D-galactosamine (300 mg/kg, i.p.) were investigated in rats fed a modified AIN-93M diet formulated with a protein source of casein or whey for 16 d. The whey protein-containing diet clearly suppressed an increase in plasma alanine and aspartate aminotransferase activity, lactate dehydrogenase(More)
Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Health Biosciences, University of Tokushima Graduate School, 3-18-15 Kuramoto, Tokushima 770-8503, Japan Clinical Biology and Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, University of Tokushima Graduate School, 3-18-15 Kuramoto, Tokushima 770-8503, Japan Food Science Institute, Division of Research and(More)
To investigate the possibility that nerve growth factor (NGF) may play some role in the development of kindling, rabbit anti-NGF serum was injected into the third ventricle on the first 3 days of daily electrical stimulation of the basolateral amygdala. The number of stimulations required to reach full amygdaloid kindling increased significantly in the rat(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory or oxidative stress is related to various diseases, including not only inflammatory diseases, but also diabetes, cancer, and atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of a new enteral diet, MHN-02, which contains abundant antioxidants and whey peptide. The study also investigated the ability(More)
Xylitol is widely used as a sweetener in foods and medications. Xylitol ingestion causes a small blood glucose rise, and it is commonly used as an alternative to high-energy supplements in diabetics. In previous studies, a xylitol metabolite, xylulose-5-phosphate, was shown to activate carbohydrate response element binding protein, and to promote lipogenic(More)