Hajime Nakatani

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By a series of centrifugation and ultracentrifugation, we could isolate microvesicles with approximately 100 nm in diameter from bovine milk. We also found that approximately 1700 and 1000 ng of total RNA, in which small RNAs were major components, was contained inside the microvesicles isolated from 6 ml of colostrum and mature milk, respectively, despite(More)
The mammary gland develops mainly after birth, and shows a repeated cycle of pregnancy-triggered proliferation, differentiation for lactation, and a regressive phase after weaning known as involution. Compared to the proliferation and differentiation phases, the molecular mechanisms of involution are largely unknown. In the present study we screened genes(More)
A milk membrane glycoprotein, MFG-E8 [milk fat globule-EGF (epidermal growth factor) factor 8], is expressed abundantly in lactating mammary glands in stage- and tissue-specific manners, and has been believed to be secreted in association with milk fat globules. In the present paper, we describe further up-regulation of MFG-E8 in involuting mammary glands,(More)
Milk fat globules (MFGs) secreted by lactating mammary gland are unique lipid surrounded by a phospholipid bi-layer. We report here post-weaning changes in MFG EGF factor VIII (MFG-E8) and annexin V-accessible phosphatidyl-l-serine on the surface of MFGs. The MFG content in milk markedly decreased to about one-half within 2 days after forced weaning,(More)
Mammary stromal adipose tissue remodeling is important for appropriate mammary gland development during pregnancy, lactation, and involution. However, the precise mechanisms underlying mammary stromal adipose tissue remodeling remain unclear. We have established a mammary stromal, fibroblastlike cell line (MSF) from primary mouse mammary culture by(More)
Mammary adipose tissue may contribute to breast cancer development and progression by altering neighboring epithelial cell behavior and phenotype through paracrine signaling. Dietary exposure to soy foods is associated with lower mammary tumor risk and reduced body weight and adiposity in humans and in rodent breast cancer models. Despite the suggested(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in the brain exhibit diverse functional properties and ubiquitous distribution. Yet, except for providing a receptor for the exogenously applied nicotine of tobacco products, their role in the normal functioning of the brain has remained elusive. We have used a lentiviral expression vector to re-express the beta2(More)
Acinetobacter sp. Tol 5 exhibits an autoagglutinating nature and noteworthy adhesiveness to various abiotic surfaces from hydrophobic plastics to hydrophilic glass and stainless steel. Although previous studies have suggested that bacterionanofibers on Tol 5 cells are involved in the adhesive phenotype of Tol 5, the fiber that directly mediates Tol 5(More)
The bacterionanofiber protein AtaA, a member of the trimeric autotransporter adhesin family found in Acinetobacter sp. Tol 5, is responsible for the nonspecific, high adhesiveness and autoagglutination of this strain. Previously, we introduced the ataA gene into the nonadhesive Acinetobacter strain ST-550, which conferred high adhesiveness to this strain,(More)
In lactating mammary glands, milk fat is secreted as fat globules surrounded by a cell plasma membrane containing characteristic membrane-associated proteins. Among these, butyrophilin has been shown to be specific and intrinsic to the fat globule membrane, whereas milk-fat globule EGF-factor VIII (MFG-E8) is uncertain. We characterized in the present study(More)