Hajime Matsui

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The licensed smallpox vaccine, ACAM2000, is a cell culture derivative of Dryvax. Both ACAM2000 and Dryvax are administered by skin scarification and can cause progressive vaccinia, with skin lesions that disseminate to distal sites. We have investigated the immunologic basis of the containment of vaccinia in the skin with the goal to identify safer vaccines(More)
Freeze-dried live attenuated smallpox vaccine LC16m8 prepared in cell culture has been the sole smallpox vaccine licensed in Japan since 1975 and was recently recommended as a WHO stockpile vaccine. We evaluated the safety of recently remanufactured lots of LC16m8 using a series of immunodeficient mouse models. These models included suckling mice, severe(More)
BACKGROUND Attenuated vaccinia virus strain, LC16m8, defective in the B5R envelope protein gene, is used as a stockpile smallpox vaccine strain in Japan against bioterrorism: the defect in the B5R gene mainly contributes to its highly attenuated properties. METHODS The protective activity of LC16m8 vaccine against challenge with a lethal dose of vaccinia(More)
INTRODUCTION MC710 is a mixture agent consisting of plasma-derived activated factor VII (FVIIa) and factor X (FX) at a weight ratio of 1:10 developed as a novel bypassing agent for the management of the bleeding of hemophilia patients with inhibitors. The pharmacokinetics, distribution, and excretion of (125)I-labeled-FVIIa ((125)I-FVIIa) and -FX(More)
In an accompanying report (Y. Eda, M. Takizawa, T. Murakami, H. Maeda, K. Kimachi, H. Yonemura, S. Koyanagi, K. Shiosaki, H. Higuchi, K. Makizumi, T. Nakashima, K. Osatomi, S. Tokiyoshi, S. Matsushita, N. Yamamoto, and M. Honda, J. Virol. 80:5552-5562, 2006), we discuss our production of a high-affinity humanized monoclonal antibody, KD-247, by sequential(More)
BACKGROUND Preadministration of high-affinity humanized anti-HIV-1 mAb KD-247 by passive transfer provides sterile protection of monkeys from heterologous chimeric simian/human immunodeficiency virus infection. METHODS Beginning 1 h, 1 day, or 1 week after simian/human immunodeficiency virus-C2/1 challenge (20 50% tissue culture infective dose), mature,(More)
To explore the predictivity of dose range-finding (DRF) studies, we conducted asurvey by sending out questionnaires to 72 Japanese pharmaceutical companies.The survey yielded data for 108 and 85 compounds for which any embryo-fetaldevelopment (EFD) toxicities were observed in the definitive studies in rodentsand non-rodents, respectively. As a result of the(More)
Guidelines for non-clinical studies of prophylactic vaccines against infectious diseases have been published widely, but similar guidelines for therapeutic vaccines, and especially therapeutic peptide vaccines, have yet to be established. The approach to non-clinical safety studies required for therapeutic vaccines differs from that for prophylactic(More)
The safety and effectiveness of a Vero cell-derived inactivated Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine were compared with those of a current JE vaccine in non-clinical studies and a phase I clinical trial. The single-dose toxicity study showed no toxicity of either the current JE vaccine or the investigational Vero cell-derived JE vaccine. In a local irritation(More)
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