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Adipocytes secrete a variety of bioactive molecules that affect the insulin sensitivity of other tissues. We now show that the abundance of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) mRNA in adipose tissue and the plasma concentration of MCP-1 were increased both in genetically obese diabetic (db/db) mice and in WT mice with obesity induced by a high-fat(More)
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1, also known as CCL2) secreted by adipocytes is a member of the CC chemokine family and plays a pivotal role in the inflammatory process. A polymorphism, the -2518 A/G of MCP-1 gene, has been associated with type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes, parameters of insulin resistance and obesity. Therefore, we investigated the(More)
Chronic inflammation in adipose tissue is thought to be important for the development of insulin resistance in obesity. Furthermore, the level of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is increased not only in adipose tissue but also in the circulation in association with obesity. However, it has remained unclear to what extent the increased circulating(More)
Insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in adipocytes is mediated by translocation of vesicles containing the glucose transporter GLUT4 from intracellular storage sites to the cell periphery and the subsequent fusion of these vesicles with the plasma membrane, resulting in the externalization of GLUT4. Fusion of the GLUT4-containing vesicles with the plasma(More)
SNARE proteins (VAMP2, syntaxin4, and SNAP23) have been thought to play a key role in GLUT4 trafficking by mediating the tethering, docking and subsequent fusion of GLUT4-containing vesicles with the plasma membrane. The precise functions of these proteins have remained elusive, however. We have now shown that depletion of the vesicle SNARE (v-SNARE) VAMP2(More)
It is established that wortmannin which completely inhibits class IA PI 3-kinase activation abrogated the insulin-dependent translocation of GLUT4 to the plasma membrane in adipocytes and skeletal muscle. However, it was not clear which steps wortmannin inhibited during the whole translocation process of GLUT4. We have now dissected the each steps of the(More)
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