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It is reported that ischemia-reperfusion induces apoptotic cell death in myocardium. It is also demonstrated that heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) enhances myocardial tolerance. Therefore, it is hypothesized that HSP70 may play a role in the attenuation of myocardial apoptosis. To elucidate this goal, HSP70-overexpressing and control-transfected rat hearts(More)
Human heterotaxy syndrome is characterized by a wide variety of cardiac and extracardiac congenital malformations that are primarily induced by disorders of the left-right axis determination during early embryonic development. The cellular and molecular mechanisms of the left-right asymmetry have been extensively investigated in the past decade and the(More)
Using an isolated working rat heart model, the effects of DL-verapamil, ryanodine, gabexate mesilate (FOY), recombinant human superoxide dismutase (RH-SOD), and coenzyme Q10 upon myocardial protection were evaluated. Under conditions of normothermic ischemia, all these compounds, except RH-SOD, when added to the St. Thomas' cardioplegic solution at an(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated prophylactic Damus-Kaye-Stansel (DKS) anastomosis in association with the timing of a bidirectional Glenn (BDG) procedure as second-stage palliation aiming at Fontan completion to prevent late systemic ventricular outflow tract obstruction. METHODS Between 1996 and 2005, 25 patients (14 boys; median age, 12 months) underwent a BDG(More)
We reviewed our clinical experiences with cardiovascular homografts harvested and preserved at our institutional tissue banks. Since our bank was first established in Japan in 1990, 74 patients have undergone various surgical procedures using homografts. We classified them into five groups according to the procedure: Group I, subcoronary implantation of a(More)
OBJECTIVE Various types of natural and synthetic scaffolds with arterial tissue cells or differentiated stem cells have recently attracted interest as potential small-caliber vascular grafts. It was thought that the synthetic graft with the potential to promote autologous tissue regeneration without any seeding would be more practical than a seeded graft.(More)
The goal of the study was to examine if allogenic mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation is a useful therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Buffer (control; group C, n=41), MSCs of male ACI rats (allogenic; group A, n=38, 5 x 10(6)), or MSCs of male LEW rats (syngenic; group S, n=40, 5 x 10(6)) were injected into the scar 15 min after(More)
OBJECTIVE Biodegradable materials with autologous cell seeding have attracted much interest as potential cardiovascular grafts. However, pretreatment of these materials requires a complicated and invasive procedure that carries the risk of infection. To avoid these problems, we sought to develop a biodegradable graft material containing collagen microsponge(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to characterize the optimal reconstruction parameters for ordered-subset expectation maximization (OSEM) with attenuation correction, scatter correction, and depth-dependent resolution recovery (OSEMACSCRR). We assessed the optimal parameters for OSEMACSCRR in an anthropomorphic torso phantom study, and evaluated the(More)
OBJECTIVE Various tissue-engineered vascular grafts have been studied to overcome the clinical disadvantages of conventional prostheses. Previous tissue-engineered vascular grafts have generally required preoperative cellular manipulation or use of bioreactors to improve performance, and their mechanical properties have been insufficient. We focused on the(More)