Hajime Hojo

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Determining both cation and oxygen sublattices of grain boundaries is essential to understand the properties of oxides. Here, with scanning transmission electron microscopy, electron energy-loss spectroscopy, and first-principles calculations, both the Ce and oxygen sublattices of a (210)Σ5 CeO(2) grain boundary were determined. Oxygen vacancies are shown(More)
Polarization rotation induced by an external electric field in piezoelectric materials such as PbZr1-x Tix O3 is generally regarded as the origin of their large piezoelectric responses. Here, the piezoelectric responses of high-quality cobalt-substituted BiFeO3 epitaxial thin films with monoclinic distortions are systematically examined. It is demonstrated(More)
Material performance is significantly governed by grain boundaries (GBs), a typical crystal defects inside, which often exhibit unique properties due to the structural and chemical inhomogeneity. Here, it is reported direct atomic scale evidence that oxygen vacancies formed in the GBs can modify the local surface oxygen dynamics in CeO2, a key material for(More)
Reflectometry is considered to be one of the key diagnostics to measure density profiles and density fluctuations of fusion oriented plasmas. When an electromagnetic wave is launched into a plasma, the wave is reflected at the corresponding cutoff layer of the ordinary (O) mode or the extraordinary (X) mode. Reflectometry measures the time of flight (TOF)(More)
A three-dimensional full-wave code is newly employed to investigate the plasma production by Ion-Cyclotron Range of Frequency (ICRF) waves on GAMMA 10. The spatial structure of the excited wave fields are calculated for two types of ICRF antennas (Double Half-Turn and Nagoya Type-III) in the central cell. The plasma production by ICRF waves depends on the(More)
Perovskite PbCoO3 synthesized at 12 GPa was found to have an unusual charge distribution of Pb2+Pb4+3Co2+2Co3+2O12 with charge orderings in both the A and B sites of perovskite ABO3. Comprehensive studies using density functional theory (DFT) calculation, electron diffraction (ED), synchrotron X-ray diffraction (SXRD), neutron powder diffraction (NPD), hard(More)
Monoclinic phases with Cm, Pm, and Cc space groups are indispensable to understand the high performance of electromechanical properties at the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) of lead-based perovskite oxides Pb(ZrxTi1-x)O3 (PZT), [Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3]1-x-(PbTiO3)x (PMN-PT), and [Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3]1-x-(PbTiO3)x (PZN-PT). Here, a nearly single monoclinic phase(More)
A metal to insulator transition in integer or half integer charge systems can be regarded as crystallization of charges. The insulating state tends to have a glassy nature when randomness or geometrical frustration exists. We report that the charge glass state is realized in a perovskite compound PbCrO3, which has been known for almost 50 years, without any(More)
Magnetoelectric multiferroics have received much attention in the past decade due to their interesting physics and promising multifunctional performance. For practical applications, simultaneous large ferroelectric polarization and strong magnetoelectric coupling are preferred. However, these two properties have not been found to be compatible in the(More)