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OBJECTIVES We sought to clarify the clinical utility of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) for differentiating autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) from pancreatic cancer. METHODS Thirteen AIP patients underwent DWI before therapy, and six of them underwent DWI after steroid therapy. The extent and shape of high-intensity areas were compared(More)
The sphincter of Oddi is located at the distal end of the pancreatic and bile ducts and regulates the outflow of bile and pancreatic juice. A common channel can be so long that the junction of the pancreatic and bile ducts is located outside of the duodenal wall, as occurs in pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM); in such cases, sphincter action does not(More)
OBJECTIVES Because the prevalence of carcinoma is high in main-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas, surgical resection is recommended for all main-duct type IPMNs. This study aimed to investigate the clinical predictors of malignancy and natural history of main-duct IPMNs. METHODS Preoperative clinical characteristics(More)
BACKGROUND Based on histological and immunohistochemical examinations of various organs of patients with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), a new clinicopathological entity, IgG4-related systemic disease, was proposed. This study aimed to clarify clinical utility of serum IgG4 levels in differentiating AIP from other pancreatobiliary diseases, clinical utility(More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking is associated with an increased risk of peptic ulcer and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Gastric emptying disorders may play a role in the development of these upper gastrointestinal diseases. Thus, studies examining a link between smoking and gastric emptying disorders have clinical relevance. This study was conducted to(More)
OBJECTIVE Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a peculiar type of pancreatitis of presumed autoimmune etiology. However, target antigens for AIP have not been detected. Furthermore, its preponderant occurrence in elderly men and the very dramatic response with no major residual deformity to oral steroid therapy within 2 weeks suggest that the pathogenesis of(More)
Pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM) is a congenital anomaly defined as a junction of the pancreatic and bile ducts located outside the duodenal wall, usually forming a markedly long common channel. In PBM patients, this anomaly allows regurgitation between the pancreatobiliary and biliopancreatic tract. Since hydrostatic pressure within the pancreatic duct(More)
A 68 year-old-male with hepatitis C-positive liver cirrhosis was admitted because of liver abscess. After metronidazole was initiated against the infection, mental disturbance appeared. Hepatic encephalopathy was suspected at first, however, the brain MRI showed hyperintense lesion of the bilateral basal dendric nuclei which indicated(More)
1. Dietary fibre, such as pectin, delays gastric emptying and may enhance post-prandial glucose tolerance. Agar, which is high in fibre content, is widely used in the traditional Japanese diet. Although long-term diet therapy with agar decreases fasting plasma glucose levels in diabetes, knowledge is lacking about the acute effects of agar on gastric(More)
Juxtapapillary duodenal diverticula (JPD) are observed in around 10-20% of patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). They are acquired extraluminal outpouchings of the duodenal wall through 'locus minoris resistance' and their incidence increases with age. They have been studied mainly with regard to their association with(More)