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In MDCK cells, presenilin-1 (PS1) accumulates at intercellular contacts where it colocalizes with components of the cadherin-based adherens junctions. PS1 fragments form complexes with E-cadherin, beta-catenin, and alpha-catenin, all components of adherens junctions. In confluent MDCK cells, PS1 forms complexes with cell surface E-cadherin; disruption of(More)
We previously demonstrated the presence of a soluble form of full-length Alzheimer's amyloid precursor protein (APP) in the lumen of adrenal medullary chromaffin granules (CG). Furthermore, full-length APP is released from CG membranes in vitro at pH 9.0 by an enzymatic mechanism, sensitive to protease inhibitors [Vassilacopoulou et al. (1995) J. Neurochem.(More)
Many individuals with familial Alzheimer disease (FAD) have mutations in a gene termed S182 or presenilin I (PS-I). Currently, the PS-I gene product has not been identified and its function remains unknown. Here we report that affinity purified antibodies against the predicted amino acid sequence of the PS-I gene product detected in homogenates of human,(More)
The relative movement of the catalytic and regulatory domains of the myosin head (S1) is likely to be the force generating conformational change in the energy transduction of muscle [Rayment, I., Holden, H. M., Whittaker, M., Yohn, C. B., Lorenz, M., Holmes, K. C., and Milligan, R. A. (1993) Science 261, 58-65]. To test this model we have measured, using(More)
We have used electron paramagnetic resonance to describe the orientational changes of troponin C (TnC) accompanying muscle activation by Ca2+. Rabbit skeletal TnC was labeled with maleimide spin label (MSL) at Cys-98 and reconstituted into an oriented skinned muscle fiber. About 70% of endogenous troponin C was replaced with labeled TnC, with a concomitant(More)
EPR of spin labeled TnC at Cys98 was used to explore the possible structural coupling between TnC in the thin filament and myosin trapped in the intermediate states of ATPase cycle. Weakly attached myosin heads (trapped by low ionic strength, low temperature and ATP) did not induce structural changes in TnC as compared to relaxed muscle, as spin labeled TnC(More)
In vertebrate skeletal muscle, contraction is initiated by the elevation of the intracellular Ca2+ concentration. The binding of Ca2+ to TnC induces a series of conformational changes which ultimately release the inhibition of the actomyosin ATPase activity by Tnl. In this study we have characterized the dynamic behavior of TnC and Tnl in solution, as well(More)
Let φ : M → Rn+p(c) be an n-dimensional submanifold in an (n + p)dimensional space form Rn+p(c) with the induced metric g. Willmore functional of φ is W (φ) = ∫M (S − nH2)n/2dv, where S = ∑ α,i, j (h α i j ) 2 is the square of the length of the second fundamental form, H is the mean curvature of M . The Weyl functional of (M, g) is ν(g) = ∫M |Wg|n/2dv,(More)
The complicated temperature field distribution during multi-pass single-layer weldbased rapid prototyping induces complex thermal stress evolutions and residual stress distributions. In this paper, a three-dimensional finite element model with temperature-dependent material properties is presented to investigate the temperature field and thermal stress(More)
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