Haiying Hang

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The worldwide emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis threatens to make this disease incurable. Drug resistance mechanisms are only partially understood, and whether the current understanding of the genetic basis of drug resistance in M. tuberculosis is sufficiently comprehensive remains unclear. Here we(More)
The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe rad9 gene promotes cell survival through activation of cell cycle checkpoints induced by DNA damage. Mouse embryonic stem cells with a targeted deletion of Mrad9, the mouse ortholog of this gene, were created to evaluate its function in mammals. Mrad9(-/-) cells demonstrated a marked increase in spontaneous(More)
Cellular DNA lesions are efficiently countered by DNA repair in conjunction with delays in cell cycle progression. Previous studies have demonstrated that Rad9, Hus1, and Rad1 can form a heterotrimeric complex (the 9-1-1 complex) that plays dual roles in cell cycle checkpoint activation and DNA repair in eukaryotic cells. Although the 9-1-1 complex has been(More)
DNA damage induces apoptosis through a signalling pathway that can be suppressed by the BCL-2 protein, but the mechanism by which DNA damage does this is unknown. Here, using yeast two-hybrid and co-immunoprecipitation studies, we show that RAD9, a human protein involved in the control of a cell-cycle checkpoint, interacts with the anti-apoptotic(More)
B cell maturation and B cell-mediated antibody response require programmed DNA modifications such as the V(D)J recombination, the immunoglobulin (Ig) class switch recombination, and the somatic hypermutation to generate functional Igs. Many protein factors involved in DNA damage repair have been shown to be critical for the maturation and activation of B(More)
BACKGROUND Drug delivery and penetration into neoplastic cells distant from tumor vessels is critical for the effectiveness of solid tumor chemotherapy. We hypothesized that 10- to 20-nm nanoassemblies of phospholipids containing doxorubicin would improve the drug's penetration, accumulation, and antitumor activity. METHODS Doxorubicin was incorporated(More)
The transition metal cadmium (Cd) has been shown to induce apoptosis in a variety of cell lines and tissues. Caspase activation of the tumor suppressor gene p53 and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascades have been reported to be involved in Cd-induced apoptosis. However, the underlying pathways of Cd-induced apoptosis have not been(More)
The Rad9 gene is evolutionarily conserved from yeast to humans and plays crucial roles in genomic maintenance, DNA repair, and cell cycle checkpoint controls. However, the function of this gene with respect to tumorigenesis is not well-understood. A Rad9-null mutation in mice causes embryonic lethality. In this study, we created mice in which mouse Rad9,(More)
The hHus1 and several hRad proteins are involved in the control of DNA integrity checkpoints, although the mechanisms underlying these processes are unknown. Using a yeast two-hybrid system to detect protein-protein interactions, we found that human proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a protein known to function in both DNA replication and repair,(More)
Storage of cellular triacylglycerols (TAGs) in lipid droplets (LDs) has been linked to the progression of many metabolic diseases in humans, and to the development of biofuels from plants and microorganisms. However, the biogenesis and dynamics of LDs are poorly understood. Compared with other organisms, bacteria seem to be a better model system for(More)