Haiyan Pang

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Smooth muscle contraction regulated by myosin light chain phosphorylation is also regulated at the thin-filament level. Tropomyosin, a thin-filament regulatory protein, regulates contraction by modulating actin-myosin interactions. Present investigation shows that acetylcholine induces PKC-mediated and calcium-dependent phosphorylation of tropomyosin in(More)
Diethyldithiocarbamate (DDTC) is a member of the dithiocarbamate family and a potent copper-chelating agent. DDTC was used in a clinical trial for patients with HIV-1 infection and showed a significant delay in progression to AIDS. In this study, we investigated the effects of DDTC-copper complex in human prostate and breast cancer cells. We found that DDTC(More)
Although the effects of progesterone on cell cycle progression are well known, its role in spreading and adhesion of breast cancer cells has not attracted much attention until recently. Indeed, by controlling cell adhesion proteins, progesterone may play a direct role in breast cancer invasion and metastasis. Progesterone has also been shown to modulate(More)
AIM An arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) is the preferred vascular access for maintenance haemodialysis patients. Its dysfunction is often due to venous stenosis, which is mainly caused by neointimal hyperplasia. Additionally, haemodynamic forces, especially wall shear stress (WSS), as a mechanical stimuli to venous wall have a significant role in neointimal(More)
The male sex has a higher risk to develop coronary artery diseases, including atherosclerosis. The androgen receptor (AR) is expressed in several atherosclerosis-associated cell types, including monocytes/macrophages, endothelial cells (ECs), and smooth muscle cells (SMCs), but its pathophysiological role in each cell type during the development of(More)
The contribution of estrogen (and progesterone) in driving cell cycle progression of hormone dependent breast cancer cells is well documented, however, the roles of the various relevant signal transduction pathways remain unclear. The immunosuppressant rapamycin is a potent inhibitor of cell cycle progression and has been used to define signal transduction(More)
Previous studies performed at our laboratory have shown that agonist-induced contraction of smooth muscle is associated with translocation of protein kinase C (PKC)-alpha and RhoA to the membrane and that this interaction is due to a direct protein-protein interaction. To determine the domains of PKC-alpha involved in direct interaction with RhoA,(More)
Sex difference is a risk factor for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation yet the reason for male predominance remains unclear. Androgen and the androgen receptor (AR) influence the male sex difference, indicating that AR signaling may affect AAA development. Using angiotensin II–induced AAA in apolipoprotein E null mouse models (82.4% AAA incidence),(More)
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are still the highest leading cause of death worldwide. Several risk factors have been linked to CVDs, including smoking, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and gender among others. Sex hormones, especially the androgen and its receptor, androgen receptor (AR), have been linked to many diseases with a clear gender difference. Here, we(More)