Haiyan Pang

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Smooth muscle contraction regulated by myosin light chain phosphorylation is also regulated at the thin-filament level. Tropomyosin, a thin-filament regulatory protein, regulates contraction by modulating actin-myosin interactions. Present investigation shows that acetylcholine induces PKC-mediated and calcium-dependent phosphorylation of tropomyosin in(More)
Diethyldithiocarbamate (DDTC) is a member of the dithiocarbamate family and a potent copper-chelating agent. DDTC was used in a clinical trial for patients with HIV-1 infection and showed a significant delay in progression to AIDS. In this study, we investigated the effects of DDTC-copper complex in human prostate and breast cancer cells. We found that DDTC(More)
AIM An arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) is the preferred vascular access for maintenance haemodialysis patients. Its dysfunction is often due to venous stenosis, which is mainly caused by neointimal hyperplasia. Additionally, haemodynamic forces, especially wall shear stress (WSS), as a mechanical stimuli to venous wall have a significant role in neointimal(More)
Previous studies performed at our laboratory have shown that agonist-induced contraction of smooth muscle is associated with translocation of protein kinase C (PKC)-alpha and RhoA to the membrane and that this interaction is due to a direct protein-protein interaction. To determine the domains of PKC-alpha involved in direct interaction with RhoA,(More)
INTRODUCTION Although the effects of progesterone on cell cycle progression are well known, its role in spreading and adhesion of breast cancer cells has not attracted much attention until recently. Indeed, by controlling cell adhesion proteins, progesterone may play a direct role in breast cancer invasion and metastasis. Progesterone has also been shown to(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies have suggested a correlation between the C677T mutation in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene and diabetic nephropathy (DN), but their results are inconclusive. METHODS To confirm this correlation, we performed a meta-analysis of 15 studies. The dichotomous data are presented as odds ratios (OR) with 95%(More)
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are still the highest leading cause of death worldwide. Several risk factors have been linked to CVDs, including smoking, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and gender among others. Sex hormones, especially the androgen and its receptor, androgen receptor (AR), have been linked to many diseases with a clear gender difference. Here, we(More)
T he male sex is one of the risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) and the average life expectancy for men with CAD is ≈8 years less than that of women with CAD. Atherosclerosis is the primary cause of CAD, and it therefore represents the most common cause of morbidity and mortality from CAD worldwide. 1 Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease,(More)
Sex difference is a risk factor for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation yet the reason for male predominance remains unclear. Androgen and the androgen receptor (AR) influence the male sex difference, indicating that AR signaling may affect AAA development. Using angiotensin II–induced AAA in apolipoprotein E null mouse models (82.4% AAA incidence),(More)
The male sex has a higher risk to develop coronary artery diseases, including atherosclerosis. The androgen receptor (AR) is expressed in several atherosclerosis-associated cell types, including monocytes/macrophages, endothelial cells (ECs), and smooth muscle cells (SMCs), but its pathophysiological role in each cell type during the development of(More)
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