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Herba epimedii (Epimedium), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been widely used as a kidney tonic and antirheumatic medicine for thousands of years. The bioactive components in herba epimedii are mainly prenylated flavonol glycosides, end-products of the flavonoid pathway. Epimedium species are also used as garden plants due to the colorful flowers and(More)
The single MYB-type protein, CAPRICE has long been thought to be a positive regulator of root hair development in Arabidopsis thaliana. To further probe the role of AtCPC and how conserved this role is across plant species, the AtCPC gene was constitutively overexpressed in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum). Here, we show that flowers of transformants(More)
The goal of this study was to develop novel embolic nanoparticles for targeted tumor therapy with dual targeting: magnetic field-guided and peptide-directed targeting. The embolic nanoparticles SP5.2/tTF-OCMCs-SPIO-NPs were prepared by surface-modifying of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO-NPs) with o-carboxymethylchitosans (OCMCs) and(More)
FBP21 is one of the SOC1-like genes isolated from Petunia hybrida. Based on sequence analysis, FPB21 is suggested to have a role in promoting flowering. In this study, FBP21 was expressed in a tobacco host plant under the control of the CaMV 35S promoter. Our results showed that the transgene accelerated flowering, i.e. the transgenic plants flowered just 3(More)
Flavonols as plant secondary metabolites with vital roles in plant development and defense against UV light, have been demonstrated to be the main bioactive components (BCs) in the genus Epimedium plants, several species of which are used as materials for Herba Epimedii, an important traditional Chinese medicine. The flavonol biosynthetic pathway genes had(More)
Local translocation of small RNAs between cells is proved. Long distance translocation between rootstock and scion is also well documented in the homo-grafting system, but the process in distant-grafting is widely unexplored where rootstock and scion belonging to different genera. Micro RNAs are a class of small, endogenous, noncoding, gene silencing RNAs(More)
Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) is a nontyrosine kinase coreceptor for semaphorin 3A and the vascular endothelial growth factor involved in tumor angiogenesis, growth, and metastasis and is regarded as a promising target for cancer therapy. In the present study, we investigated the effects of an anti-NRP-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) that we generated for MCF7 breast(More)
Although Lycium chinense (goji berry) is an important traditional Chinese medicinal plant, little genome information is available for this plant, particularly at the small-RNA level. Recent findings indicate that the evolutionary role of miRNAs is very important for a better understanding of gene regulation in different plant species. To elucidate small(More)
Epimedium species have been widely used both as traditional Chinese medicinal plants and ornamental perennials. Both flavonols, acting as the major bioactive components (BCs) and anthocyanins, predominantly contributing to the color diversity of Epimedium flowers belong to different classes of flavonoids. It is well-acknowledged that flavonoid biosynthetic(More)
Phosphorus (P) is essential for all living cells and organisms, and low-P stress represents a major constraint on plant growth and yield worldwide. Soybean is an important economical resource of protein and oil for human and animals, and soybean is also a high-P demand species that is sensitive to low-P stress, which is considered a major constraint on(More)