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Herba epimedii (Epimedium), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been widely used as a kidney tonic and antirheumatic medicine for thousands of years. The bioactive components in herba epimedii are mainly prenylated flavonol glycosides, end-products of the flavonoid pathway. Epimedium species are also used as garden plants due to the colorful flowers and(More)
Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) is a nontyrosine kinase coreceptor for semaphorin 3A and the vascular endothelial growth factor involved in tumor angiogenesis, growth, and metastasis and is regarded as a promising target for cancer therapy. In the present study, we investigated the effects of an anti-NRP-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) that we generated for MCF7 breast(More)
The single MYB-type protein, CAPRICE has long been thought to be a positive regulator of root hair development in Arabidopsis thaliana. To further probe the role of AtCPC and how conserved this role is across plant species, the AtCPC gene was constitutively overexpressed in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum). Here, we show that flowers of transformants(More)
Phosphorus (P) is essential for all living cells and organisms, and low-P stress represents a major constraint on plant growth and yield worldwide. Soybean is an important economical resource of protein and oil for human and animals, and soybean is also a high-P demand species that is sensitive to low-P stress, which is considered a major constraint on(More)
The goal of this study was to develop novel embolic nanoparticles for targeted tumor therapy with dual targeting: magnetic field-guided and peptide-directed targeting. The embolic nanoparticles SP5.2/tTF-OCMCs-SPIO-NPs were prepared by surface-modifying of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO-NPs) with o-carboxymethylchitosans (OCMCs) and(More)
Herba epimedii (Epimedium), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been widely used as a kidney tonic and antirheumatic medicine for thousands of years. In Epimedium, flavonoids have been demonstrated to be the main bioactive components (BCs). However, the molecular biosynthetic and regulatory mechanisms of flavonoid-derived BCs remain obscure. In this study,(More)
Epimedium sagittatum (Sieb. et Zucc.) Maxim, a popular traditional Chinese medicinal plant, has been widely used for treating sexual dysfunction and osteoporosis in China. The main bioactive components in herba epimedii are prenylated flavonol glycosides, which are end products of a branch of the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway. The MYB transcription factors(More)
Although Lycium chinense (goji berry) is an important traditional Chinese medicinal plant, little genome information is available for this plant, particularly at the small-RNA level. Recent findings indicate that the evolutionary role of miRNAs is very important for a better understanding of gene regulation in different plant species. To elucidate small(More)
Flavonols as plant secondary metabolites with vital roles in plant development and defense against UV light, have been demonstrated to be the main bioactive components (BCs) in the genus Epimedium plants, several species of which are used as materials for Herba Epimedii, an important traditional Chinese medicine. The flavonol biosynthetic pathway genes had(More)
A R2R3-MYB transcription factor EsAN2 was isolated from Epimedium sagittatum and functionally characterized to regulate the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway. Epimedium plants are used widely both as traditional Chinese medicinal herbs and ornamental perennials. Anthocyanins, acting as major contributors to plant color diversity, their biosynthesis are(More)