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Ethacrynic acid (EA) is known to interact with aminoglycoside antibiotics such as gentamicin (GM). In the chinchilla, co-administration of GM and EA can produce hair cell lesions ranging from a small loss of outer hair cells (OHCs) in the base of the cochlea to complete destruction of all hair cells, depending on dosing parameters. Although hair cell loss(More)
Noise exposure is a major cause of hearing loss. Classical methods of studying protein involvement have provided a basis for understanding signaling pathways that mediate hearing loss and damage repair but do not lend themselves to studying large networks of proteins that are likely to increase or decrease during noise trauma. To address this issue,(More)
The expanding arsenal of transgenic mice has created a powerful tool for investigating the biological mechanisms involved in ototoxicity. However, cisplatin ototoxicity is difficult to investigate in mice because of their small size and vulnerability to death by nephrotoxicity. To overcome this problem, we developed a strategy for promoting(More)
Ototoxicity is a dose-limiting side effect of chemotherapeutic treatment with cisplatin. In a series of experiments on neonatal rat cochlear organotypic cultures, the extent of damage induced by a broad range of cisplatin treatment concentrations was examined. Paradoxically, it was found that hair cell loss was greater following 48 h exposure to low (10, 50(More)
Concurrent administration of a high dose of gentamicin (GM; 125mg/kg IM) and ethacrynic acid (EA; 40mg/kg IV) results in rapid destruction of virtually all cochlear hair cells; however, the cell death signaling pathways underlying this rapid form of hair-cell degeneration are unclear. To elucidate the mechanisms underlying GM/EA-mediated cell death, several(More)
Ethacrynic acid (EA) significantly enhances the ototoxic effects of cisplatin. To gain insights into the mechanisms underlying Cis/EA ototoxicity, cochleas were labeled with several apoptotic markers. Cis/EA treatment caused extensive outer hair cell (OHC) and inner hair cell (IHC) damage; OHC lesions decreased from the base towards apex of the cochlea(More)
Cadmium (Cd), a widely used industrial metal, is extremely nephrotoxic and neurotoxic; however, its effects on the peripheral auditory system are poorly understood. To evaluate the ototoxicity of Cd, we treated cochlear organotypic cultures from postnatal day 3 rats with Cd concentrations from 10 to 500 μM for 24 or 48 h. Afterward, we evaluated the degree(More)
BACKGROUND Mefloquine is widely used for the treatment of malaria. However, this drug is known to induce neurological side effects including depression, anxiety, balance disorder, and sensorineural hearing loss. Yet, there is currently no treatment for these side effects. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In this study, we show that the coenzyme NAD(+), known to play a(More)
Both the ahl allele of Cdh23 and the null mutation of Sod1 have been shown to contribute to age-related hearing loss (AHL) in mice, but mixed strain backgrounds have confounded analyses of their individual and combined effects. To test for the effects of Sod1 deficiency independently from those of Cdh23(ahl), we produced mice with four digenic genotypes:(More)
Mefloquine is an effective and widely used anti-malarial drug; however, some clinical reports suggest that it can cause dizziness, balance, and vestibular disturbances. To determine if mefloquine might be toxic to the vestibular system, we applied mefloquine to organotypic cultures of the macula of the utricle from postnatal day 3 rats. The macula of the(More)