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The severe environmental stresses of the Arctic may have promoted unique soil bacterial communities compared with those found in lower latitude environments. Here, we present a comprehensive analysis of the biogeography of soil bacterial communities in the Arctic using a high resolution bar-coded pyrosequencing technique. We also compared arctic soils with(More)
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms in microRNAs (miRNAs) may alter miRNA expression levels or processing and, thus, may contribute to cancer development. We hypothesized that miRNA-196a2 polymorphism is associated with risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). In a case-control study of 573 patients with CRC and 588 cancer-free controls frequency matched by age and(More)
A balanced fertilization can increase crop yields partly due to stimulated microbial activities and growths. In this study, we investigated arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in arable soils to determine the optimal practices for an effective fertilization. We used pyrosequencing-based approach to study AMF diversity, as well as their responses to different(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a family of endogenous, small, noncoding RNA molecules that involved in a wide range of biological processes including differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. A polymorphism G>C (rs2910164) is located in the stem region opposite to the mature miR-146a sequence. In our study, we investigated whether rs2910164 is associated with(More)
To characterize the location of glycolytic enzymes (GEs) in intact human erythrocytes, freshly drawn blood was fixed and stained with Abs to GAPDH, aldolase, phosphofructokinase (PFK), pyruvate kinase (PK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), carbonic anhydrase II, Hb, and band 3 (AE1). Confocal microscopy revealed that in cells where band 3 displays its expected(More)
OBJECTIVE Adiponectin (AdipoQ) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus and is considered as an important candidate gene for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). So far, there have been many studies to investigate the association between the adiponectin polymorphisms and T2DM risk. However, the results are conflicting. To derive a more(More)
Archaeal communities and the factors regulating their diversity in high altitude lakes are poorly understood. Here, we provide the first high-throughput sequencing study of Archaea from Tibetan Plateau lake sediments. We analyzed twenty lake sediments from the world's highest and largest plateau and found diverse archaeal assemblages that clustered into(More)
Continent-scale biogeography has been extensively studied in soils and marine systems, but little is known about biogeographical patterns in non-marine sediments. We used barcode pyrosequencing to quantify the effects of local geochemical properties and geographic distance for bacterial community structure and membership, using sediment samples from 15(More)
Previous work has shown that GAPDH (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase), aldolase, PFK (phosphofructokinase), PK (pyruvate kinase) and LDH (lactate dehydrogenase) assemble into a GE (glycolytic enzyme) complex on the inner surface of the human erythrocyte membrane. In an effort to define the molecular architecture of this complex, we have undertaken(More)
Human oxoguanine glycosylase 1 (hOGG1) is a DNA repair enzyme, which plays important roles in the base excision repair (BER) pathway. Several studies reported a common polymorphism Ser326Cys (rs1052133) in hOGG1, which conferred the susceptibility of bladder cancer. We hypothesized that the polymorphism is associated with risk of bladder cancer in a Chinese(More)