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OBJECTIVES This research assessed how parents' transfers of sentiment, time, and financial assets to their adolescent/young adult children affect the children's propensity in middle age to provide social support to their aging parents. We tested whether the mechanism of long-term intergenerational exchange is better modeled as a return on investment, an(More)
The mammalian target of the rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway functions in many cellular processes, including cell growth, proliferation, differentiation, and survival. Recent advances have demonstrated that differentiated somatic cells can be directly reprogrammed into the pluripotent state by overexpression of several pluripotency transcription factors.(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenously expressed small, non-coding transcripts that regulate protein expression. Substantial evidences suggest that miRNAs are enriched in central nervous system, where they are hypothesized to play pivotal roles during neural development. In the present study, we analyzed miRNAs expression in mice cerebral cortex and(More)
Human neural stem cells hold great promise for research and therapy in neural disease. We describe the generation of integration-free and expandable human neural progenitor cells (NPCs). We combined an episomal system to deliver reprogramming factors with a chemically defined culture medium to reprogram epithelial-like cells from human urine into NPCs(More)
Damage to the medial temporal lobe impairs the encoding of new memories and the retrieval of memories acquired immediately before the damage in human. In this study, we demonstrated that artificial visuoauditory memory traces can be established in the rat auditory cortex and that their encoding and retrieval depend on the entorhinal cortex of the medial(More)
PURPOSE Fluourouracil (FU) is a mainstay of chemotherapy, although toxicities are common. Genetic biomarkers have been used to predict these adverse events, but their utility is uncertain. PATIENTS AND METHODS We tested candidate polymorphisms identified from a systematic literature search for associations with capecitabine toxicity in 927 patients with(More)
ESCs and trophoblast stem (TS) cells are both derived from early embryos, yet these cells have distinct differentiation properties. ESCs can differentiate into all three germ layer cell types, whereas TS cells can only differentiate into placental cells. It has not been determined whether TS cells can be converted into ES-like pluripotent stem (PS) cells.(More)
We previously found that the atypical antipsychotic drugs (APDs) clozapine, olanzapine, quetiapine, and risperidone reduce PC12 cell death induced by hydrogen peroxide, N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion, or beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta(25-35)). Such neurotoxic substances have in common the capability of causing oxidative stress. Atypical APDs have been used in(More)
Cuprizone (CPZ) is a neurotoxic agent acting as a copper chelator. In our recent study, C57BL/6 mice given dietary CPZ (0.2%) showed impairments in spatial working memory, social interaction, and prepulse inhibition. These abnormalities are reminiscent of certain schizophrenia symptoms and are not likely due to damage in the whole brain or in any single(More)
Hantaan virus (HTNV), a member of the genus Hantavirus, family Bunyaviridae, is an etiologic agent causing a serious human disease, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), with a mortality as high as 15% and is also a potential bioterrorism agent. It is urgently needed to develop anti-HTNV-neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) for treatment and(More)