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In this letter, we present a structured polarization-maintaining chirped fiber Bragg grating (PM-CFBG) for temperature-independent and strain-independent twist measurement. The structured PM-CFBG, which has two transmission peaks, is created by tapering directly on the PM-CFBG. The grating transmissivity of structured PM-CFBG changes linearly with twist(More)
We present the viability of exploiting a current hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber (HC-PBGF) to support orbital angular momentum (OAM) states. The photonic bandgap intrinsically provides a large refractive index spacing for guiding light, leading to OAM transmission with low crosstalk. From numerical simulations, a broad OAM<sub>±1</sub> mode transmission(More)
We explore terahertz (THz) orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes supported in multimode Kagome hollow-core fibers. Numerical models are adopted to characterize the effective indices and confinement losses of vector modes over 0.2-0.9 THz, where two low-loss transmission windows are observed. Linearly combining the vector modes, THz OAM states can be(More)
We presented a simple method for measuring the mode purity of linearly polarized orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes in optical fibers. The method is based on the analysis of OAM beam projections filtered by a polarizer. The amplitude spectrum and phase spectrum of a data ring derived from the beam pattern are obtained by Fourier transform. Then the(More)
A novel linear cavity erbium-doped fiber (EDF) laser based on a structured chirped fiber Bragg grating (CFBG) filter is proposed for stable single-polarization (SP) single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) operation. For the first time, to the best of our knowledge, a structured CFBG filter with an ultranarrow transmission band which is generated by tapering directly(More)
We present a method to generate tunable orbital angular momentum (OAM) based on linearly polarized (LP) modes in optical fibers. The tunable OAM is produced by combining two even (odd) LP modes with orthogonal polarization directions. The tunability of OAM is realized by controlling the power proportion of the two LP modes through a polarizer. From another(More)
A semianalytical method based on the perturbation theory is developed to calculate the bending losses of individual modes of few-mode fibers (FMFs); it is applicable for optical fibers with arbitrary circularly symmetric index profile, especially for trench-assisted fibers. The bending performance of trench-assisted step-index FMFs and parabolic-index FMFs(More)
We propose a vector mode conversion approach based on asymmetric fiber Bragg gratings (AFBGs) written in step-index fiber and vortex fiber, respectively. The mode coupling properties of AFBGs are numerically investigated. Compared to step-index fiber, the large mode separation in the vortex fiber is beneficial to extracting the desired vector mode at(More)
In this Letter, we investigate the nanofocusing of hybrid plasmons-phonons-polaritons (SPP-HPhPs) in a graphene-hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) heterostructure with a graphene coating on a tapered h-BN slab. Compared with the hyperbolic phonon polariton (HPhP) in h-BN, the hybrid SPP-HPhP in a heterostructure exhibits much smaller losses, which is validated(More)
We propose a novel M-shaped single mode fiber (M-SMF) sensor based on stimulated Brillouin scattering of higher-order acoustic modes for simultaneous temperature and strain measurement. Numerical investigation of longitudinal acoustic modes in the M-SMF shows that multi-peak Brillouin spectrum in M-SMF is contributed by the couplings between the(More)