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BACKGROUND Early graft failure is associated with high mortality and is the main cause of death within the first 30 days after transplantation. The purpose of the present study was to examine the investigators' experience of severe perioperative acute graft failure and to review the literature. METHODS Nine of 385 cardiac transplants (2.3%) performed from(More)
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a cardiac neurohormone used as a noninvasive tool for diagnosing and monitoring heart failure. Beta blockers have beneficial effects in patients with heart failure as well as a direct effect on BNP plasma levels. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of a BNP-guided approach vs. standard care on beta-blocker(More)
Reports from case series have estimated the incidence of peripartum cardiomyopathy (PC) at 1 case/1,485 live births to 1 case/15,000 live births and probable mortality rates of 7% to 60%. The objective of this study was to produce the first population-based study of the incidence, mortality, and risk factors for PC. The National Hospital Discharge Survey(More)
Heart failure remains a common diagnosis, especially in older individuals. It continues to be associated with significant morbidity and mortality, but major advances in both diagnosis and management have occurred and will continue to improve symptoms and other outcomes in patients. The Canadian Cardiovascular Society published its first consensus conference(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have investigated changes in circulating hormones and markers of cardiac status after heart transplantation in humans. As a result, plasma levels of various hormones and autocoids have been associated with cardiac allograft rejection status. However, no clear associations can be defined given the highly contradictory nature of the(More)
Beta-blocker use improves left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with heart failure. A similar effect of b blockers on right ventricular function has been proposed, although the effect of bisoprolol, a highly selective b-1 blocker, on right ventricular function has not been assessed. This study investigated the short-term effect of bisoprolol(More)
Neurohormonal activation in patients with heart failure is dominated by the deleterious long-term effects of activation of the sympathetic nervous system and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. The natriuretic peptides, including brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), are also upregulated in heart failure, and partially(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Graft coronary artery disease is the leading cardiac cause of death in patients who have undergone cardiac transplantation. Due to denervation, classic symptoms of angina are not reliable. Many transplant centers have a protocol of routine annual surveillance cardiac angiography because treatment options are limited, especially with(More)
OBJECTIVES In the Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure trial, surgical ventricular reconstruction plus coronary artery bypass surgery was not associated with a reduction in the rate of death or cardiac hospitalization compared with bypass alone. We hypothesized that the absence of viable myocardium identifies patients with coronary artery disease(More)
BACKGROUND Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is released from the heart by hemodynamically induced muscle stretch. Patients with atrial fibrillation have higher levels of BNP than those in sinus rhythm. OBJECTIVE To assess the usefulness of BNP as a predictor of successful cardioversion in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation and subsequent(More)