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Human defensins are a family of cationic antimicrobial peptides with molecular weights of 4-5 kDa, containing a conserved six disulphide-linked cysteine motif. During the last two decades a series of endogenous alpha- and beta-human defensins were discovered. They exhibit a broad range of antimicrobial properties and are thought to be ideal therapeutic(More)
BACKGROUND Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has many well-documented beneficial physiological effects. Due to the insufficient natural supply of CLA and low specificity of chemically produced CLA, an effective and isomer-specific production process is required for medicinal and nutritional purposes. RESULTS The linoleic acid isomerase gene from(More)
Human beta-defensin-2 (hBD2), a small cationic peptide, exhibits a broad range of antimicrobial activity and does not cause microbial resistance. In order to produce hBD2 efficiently, an Escherichia coli cell-free biosynthesis system has been developed as an alternative method. A specific plasmid pIVEX2.4c-trxA-shBD2 was constructed for the cell-free(More)
Malic enzymes are a class of oxidative decarboxylases that catalyze the oxidative decarboxylation of malate to pyruvate and carbon dioxide, with concomitant reduction of NAD(P)+ to NAD(P)H. The NADP+-dependent malic enzyme in oleaginous fungi plays a key role in fatty acid biosynthesis. In this study, the malic enzyme-encoding complementary DNA (cDNA)(More)
BACKGROUND Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been extensively studied for decades because of its health benefits including cancer prevention, anti-atherogenic and anti-obesity effects, and modulation of the immune system. We previously described the production of trans-10, cis-12 CLA in Yarrowia lipolytica by expressing the gene coding for linoleic acid(More)
BACKGROUND Although some microorganisms can convert glycerol into valuable products such as polyunsaturated fatty acids, the yields are relative low due primarily to an inefficient assimilation of glycerol. Mortierella alpina is an oleaginous fungus which preferentially uses glucose over glycerol as the carbon source for fatty acid synthesis. RESULTS In(More)
Moonlighting proteins, characterized by their multiple autonomous functions, have been detected in bacteria. Surprisingly, many of these proteins are conserved and involved in metabolic pathway or the cell stress response. They localise to the bacterial surface to take on additional activities, which have been hypothesised to contribute to bacterial(More)
The oleaginous fungus, Mucor circinelloides, is one of few fungi that produce high amounts of γ-linolenic acid (GLA); however, it usually only produces <25% lipid. Nevertheless, a new strain (WJ11) isolated in this laboratory can produce lipid up to 36% (w/w) cell dry weight (CDW). We have investigated the potential mechanism of high lipid accumulation in(More)
Mortierella alpina is an oleaginous fungus which can produce lipids accounting for up to 50% of its dry weight in the form of triacylglycerols. It is used commercially for the production of arachidonic acid. Using a combination of high throughput sequencing and lipid profiling, we have assembled the M. alpina genome, mapped its lipogenesis pathway and(More)