Learn More
Human cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A subfamily members (mainly CYP3A4 and CYP3A5) mediate the metabolism of approximately half all marketed drugs and thus play a critical role in the drug metabolism. A huge number of studies on CYP3A-mediated drug metabolism in humans have demonstrated that CYP3A activity exhibits marked ethnic and individual variability, in part(More)
Present study was designed to explore roles of metabolic clearance in the disposition of berberine (BBR) in rats, with a focus on oxidative metabolism and subsequent glucuronidation. Plasma from rats after intravenous administration of BBR was collected to identify and quantify BBR and its major metabolites. The major circulating metabolites of BBR were(More)
The antioxidant tempol reduces obesity in mice. Here we show that tempol alters the gut microbiome by preferentially reducing the genus Lactobacillus and its bile salt hydrolase (BSH) activity leading to the accumulation of intestinal tauro-β-muricholic acid (T-β-MCA). T-β-MCA is an farnesoid X receptor (FXR) nuclear receptor antagonist, which is involved(More)
Although dexibuprofen (S-ibuprofen) was marketed in Austria and Switzerland, the racemate at various formulations is still extensively used worldwide, and there are no indications that the racemate will be replaced by the single enantiomer. Thus, elucidation of the characteristics and involved mechanisms of the chiral pharmacokinetics of racemic ibuprofen(More)
Berberine, one of the most commonly used natural products, exhibits a poor plasma concentration-effect relationship whose underlying mechanisms remain largely unclear. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that extensive first-pass elimination and abundant tissue distribution of berberine may be its specific pharmacokinetic properties. For that,(More)
NQO1 is an emerging and promising therapeutic target in cancer therapy. This study was to determine whether the anti-tumor effect of tanshinone IIA (TSA) is NQO1 dependent and to elucidate the underlying apoptotic cell death pathways. NQO1(+) A549 cells and isogenically matched NQO1 transfected and negative H596 cells were used to test the properties and(More)
The potential for herb-drug interactions has recently received greater attention worldwide, considering the fact that the use of herbal products becomes more and more widespread. The goal of this work was to examine the potential for the metabolism-based drug interaction arising from seven active components (danshensu, protocatechuic aldehyde,(More)
Atherosclerosis is considered as a chronic inflammatory response in arterial blood vessels. The function of osteopontin (OPN), a proinflammatory cytokine, in the Ang II-induced inflammatory activation in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) remains poorly understood. In the present study, the role of OPN was investigated by knocking down OPN using small(More)
20(S)-Ginsenoside Rh1 is one of the important protopanaxatriol ginsenosides and has been reported to be the main hydrolysis product reaching the systemic circulation after oral ingestion of ginseng. However, its pharmacokinetic characteristics and metabolic fate have never been reported. The present study was therefore designed to elucidate its(More)
Shenmai injection (SMI), one of the most popular herbal preparations, is widely used for the treatment of coronary atherosclerotic cardiopathy and viral myocarditis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Shenmai injection (SMI) on the CYP3A-mediated metabolism of midazolam (MDZ). The present study demonstrated that SMI could(More)