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OBJECTIVE To study the change in the incidence and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of Streptococcus pneumoniae (Spn) in cultures obtained from children with otitis media (OM) during the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) era. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective. SETTING Secondary medical care center. PATIENTS Children less than 8 years who presented(More)
A 4 year old boy with Hodgkin's lymphoma was admitted to the paediatric ward with meningoencephalitis dominated by generalised seizures and motor aphasia. Serum IgM specific antibodies to West Nile virus were positive. In view of ongoing neurological deterioration and immunocompromised state he was treated with oral ribavirin for 14 days. A gradual(More)
Objective A novel local contralateral superiorly based mucoperiosteal nasal septal flap (CSBMNSF) for closure of a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak from the middle anterior base of the skull is described. Materials and Methods A retrospective review of patients having endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) with a CSF leak between 2000 and 2009 was performed. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To report a novel tympanoplasty modification for anterior tympanic membrane perforation closure. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective study on 13 patients who underwent inferior tympanoplasty between December 2008 and May 2011 was carried out. In our technique, an inferior rather than a posterior flap is raised and the graft is laid from the(More)
Otitis media (OM) has numerous presentations in children. Together with conventional medical therapies aimed to prevent and/or treat OM, a rising number of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatment options can be offered. Since OM is common in children, parents may ask healthcare professionals about possible CAM therapies. Many physicians feel(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effect of microbiologic growth on the recurrence rate of mastoiditis. MATERIALS AND METHODS A historical prospective study on all cases of children with acute mastoiditis (AM) admitted between 2000 and 2015, was performed. The following data were collected in the recurrent AM (rAM) group: age, sex, and medical history,(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to continuous and impulse noise can induce a hearing loss. Leupeptin is an inhibitor of the calpains, a family of calcium-activated proteases which promote cell death. The objective of this study is to assess whether Leupeptin could reduce the hearing loss resulting from rifle impulse noise. METHODS A polyethelene tube was implanted(More)
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