Haikal El Abed

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Arabic character and text recognition methods for printed or handwritten characters are known since many years. We present in the first part of this paper a state of the art of Arabic text classification techniques and existing recognition systems. In the second part we discuss how evaluation methods and competitions help to support the development of text(More)
Historical documents contain generally different kind of degradations. Due to this degradations the application of methods of noise removal during a preprocessing stage seems to be necessary. Since the noise which, exists in the original document can not be eliminated using a simple noise removal algorithm and it influences the preprocessing result e.g. the(More)
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