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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ulinastatin, a protease inhibitor, and blood transfusion on perioperative surgical complications, changes of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) scores, and levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in patients undergoing liver(More)
In the previous studies, we demonstrated that an oriental herbal medicine processed Aconiti tuber (PAT) at subanalgesic doses could inhibit the development of mechanical antinociceptive tolerance to morphine using the tail pressure test. In the present study, we evaluated whether PAT could inhibit thermal antinociceptive tolerance to morphine using the high(More)
In the previous studies, we demonstrated that an oriental herbal medicine, processed Aconiti tuber (PAT), at subanalgesic doses could inhibit or reverse the antinociceptive tolerance to morphine. In the present study, we compared the effect of PAT, trans-(+/-)-3,4-dichloro-N-methyl-N-(2-(1-pyrrolidin)cyclohexyl)-benzeneacetamide methane sulfonate hydrate(More)
Processed Aconiti tuber (PAT) is a herbal medicine that has been widely used as an analgesic since ancient times. We investigated effects of subanalgesic doses of PAT on morphine tolerance in mice. Mice received subcutaneous morphine (10 mg/kg) and oral PAT at subanalgesic doses (0.1 or 0.3 g/kg), once a day for 7 days. Mechanical nociceptive thresholds(More)
Previously, we found that processed Aconiti tuber (PAT) could inhibit morphine tolerance in mice. In the present study, we investigated mechanisms underlying this effect. Mice received subcutaneous (s.c.) morphine (10 mg/kg) and oral PAT at a subanalgesic dose (0.3 g/kg), once a day for 12 days. Additional PAT-treated groups received morphine and PAT, at(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Our previous studies indicated that processed Aconiti tuber (PAT), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, had antinociceptive effects and inhibitory effects on morphine tolerance by activation of kappa-opioid receptor (KOR). Preclinical studies also demonstrated that KOR agonists functionally attenuate addictive behaviors of morphine, such(More)
The development of antinociceptive tolerance to morphine is one of the major problems in its clinical use. Therefore, exploring effective measures to prevent morphine tolerance is of great clinical relevance. We evaluated whether pentazocine could prevent morphine tolerance in mice. Five groups of male ICR mice received repeated subcutaneous (s.c.)(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY In this study, we investigated the effects of processed Aconiti tuber (PAT), an oriental herbal medicine, at analgesic doses on acute morphine antinociception in morphine-naïve mice and morphine tolerance in morphine-tolerant mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS In acute experiments, mice received subcutaneous (s.c.) morphine (2, 5, or 10 mg/kg)(More)
This prospective study was to investigate the successful rate of intraoperative motor evoked potentials (MEP) monitoring for children (<12 years old) with congenital scoliosis. A consecutive series of 27 young children (7 girls and 20 boys; from 1 to 11 years old) between September 2007 and November 2009, were enrolled to this study. 12 patients received(More)
BACKGROUND PHLPP1 functions as an antitumor factor in several human cancers, but the expression pattern and clinical significance of PHLPP1 in gastric cancer have yet to be determined. The aim of this study is to assess the expression of PHLPP1 in gastric cancer and its impact on the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer. METHODS A total of 202(More)