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The relationship between a reeexive and its antecedent is characterized by (a) a locality condition, and (b) a syntactic prominence condition. In Chomsky (1981) locality is deened in terms of governing category, and syntactic prominence is via c-command. In this article I show that, to account for the long-distance binding properties of complex reeexive(More)
In this paper we report on our recent work in clause alignment for English-Chinese legal texts using available lexical resources including a bilingual legal glossary and a bilingual dictionary, for the purpose of acquiring examples at various linguistic levels for example-based machine translation. We present our formulation of an appropriate measure for(More)
The interaction between protein molecules and the hydroxyapatite (HAP) crystal is an important research topic in many fields. However, the nature of their noncovalent bonding is still not clear at the atomic level. In this work, molecular dynamics simulation, steered molecular dynamics simulation, and quantum chemistry calculations were used to study the(More)
Phase transformation is an important strategy in biomineralization. However, the role of biomolecules in the mineral transition is poorly understood despite the fact that the biomineralization society greatly highlights the organic controls in the formation of the inorganic phase. Here, we report an induced biomimetic phase transformation from brushite (a(More)
Potential mechanisms for formation of highly organized biomineralized structures include oriented crystal growth on templates, the aggregation of nanocrystals by oriented attachment, and the assembly of inorganic nanoparticles mediated by organic molecules into aggregated structures. In the present study, the potential role of amorphous calcium phosphate(More)
Although phase transformation is suggested as a key step in biomineralization, the chemical scenario about how organic molecules mediate inorganic phase transformations is still unclear. The inhibitory effect of amino acids on hydroxyapatite (HAP, the main inorganic component of biological hard tissues such as bone and enamel) formation was concluded by the(More)
The regulation mechanism of organic additives on the crystallization of inorganic crystal is fundamentally important in biomineralization. Experimentally, it was found that the amino acids glycine (Gly) and glutamic acid (Glu) could lead to the formation of rod- and plate-like hydroxyapatite (HAP) crystallites, respectively. The detailed adsorption behavior(More)