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In this paper we report on our recent work in clause alignment for English-Chinese legal texts using available lexical resources including a bilingual legal glossary and a bilingual dictionary, for the purpose of acquiring examples at various linguistic levels for example-based machine translation. We present our formulation of an appropriate measure for(More)
The interaction between protein molecules and the hydroxyapatite (HAP) crystal is an important research topic in many fields. However, the nature of their noncovalent bonding is still not clear at the atomic level. In this work, molecular dynamics simulation, steered molecular dynamics simulation, and quantum chemistry calculations were used to study the(More)
The process from the amorphous calcium phosphate phase to the hydroxyapatite (HAP) crystalline phase has been captured in a simulated physiological fluid by combining in situ extinction detection and ex situ electronic microscopy. The results reveal the secret of the phase transformation and orientation controls during the initial stage of mineral formation.
As the outermost layer, enamel is susceptible to caries due to the products of bacteria metabolism or acidic foods. [ 4 ] It is critically serious that the enamel damage is permanent. [ 4 ] Different form the synthesized apatite phase, enamel is uniquely composed of highly elongated and organized apatite rods and bundles. During enamel generation, the(More)
The relationship between a reeexive and its antecedent is characterized by (a) a locality condition, and (b) a syntactic prominence condition. In Chomsky (1981) locality is deened in terms of governing category, and syntactic prominence is via c-command. In this article I show that, to account for the long-distance binding properties of complex reeexive(More)
This paper reports on our recent work in clause alignment for English-Chinese legal texts using available bilingual lexical resources, for the purpose of acquiring examples at various linguistic levels for EBMT. It formulates similarity measures for candidate clause pairs in terms of matched lexical items and presents the implementation of a clause(More)
Phase transformation is an important strategy in biomineralization. However, the role of biomolecules in the mineral transition is poorly understood despite the fact that the biomineralization society greatly highlights the organic controls in the formation of the inorganic phase. Here, we report an induced biomimetic phase transformation from brushite (a(More)