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The organization of the fatty acid synthetic genes of Haemophilus influenzae Rd is remarkably similar to that of the paradigm organism, Escherichia coli K-12, except that no homologue of the E. coli fabF gene is present. This finding is unexpected, since fabF is very widely distributed among bacteria and is thought to be the generic 3-ketoacyl-acyl carrier(More)
BACKGROUND Human neutrophil peptides 1-3 are endogenous cationic antimicrobial peptides implicated in host defense against microbes. The genes encoding human neutrophil peptides 1-3 (DEFA1/DEFA3) exhibit copy number variations. This study was designed to determine whether DEFA1/DEFA3 copy number variations conferred susceptibility to infection-induced(More)
The anaerobic unsaturated fatty acid synthetic pathway of Escherichia coli requires two specialized proteins, FabA and FabB. However, the fabA and fabB genes are found only in the Gram-negative alpha- and gamma-proteobacteria, and thus other anaerobic bacteria must synthesize these acids using different enzymes. We report that the Gram-positive bacterium(More)
Homomeric P2X3 receptors are present in sensory ganglia and participate in pain perception. Amino acid (AA) residues were replaced in the four supposed nucleotide binding segments (NBSs) of the human (h) P2X3 receptor by alanine, and these mutants were expressed in HEK293 cells and Xenopus laevis oocytes. Patch clamp and two-electrode voltage clamp(More)
While the selection of new " backbone " device structure in the era of post-planar CMOS is open to a few candidates, FinFET and its variants show great potential in scalability and manufacturability for nanoscale CMOS. In this paper we report the design, fabrication, performance, and integration issues of double-gate FinFET with the physical gate length(More)
Based on a correlation analysis method, a subwaveform threshold retracker is developed and coded in FORTRAN for satellite altimetry to determine the leading edge and retracking gate, and to improve the precision of sea surface heights (SSHs) and gravity anomalies (GAs). Using ERS-1/ERM waveforms, the subwaveform threshold retracker outperforms full-waveform(More)
Hyperphosphorylated tau is the major protein subunit of neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related tauopathies. It is not understood, however, why the neurofibrillary tangle-containing neurons seen in the AD brains do not die of apoptosis but rather degeneration even though they are constantly awash in a proapoptotic environment. Here,(More)
Phosphorylation of tau, a major microtubule-associated protein, has been recently discovered to affect cell apoptosis. While the phosphorylation of tau is dynamically regulated, the role of tau dephosphorylation in cell viability is elusive. Here, we observed that the cells bearing high level of the dephosphorylated tau at Tau-1 epitope were more vulnerable(More)
Histone methylation plays an important role in eukaryotic transcriptional regulation. A number of histone methyltransferases (HMTases) with distinct functions have been identified. The HSPC069/HYPB gene was originally isolated from the human hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs), and it was also identified as a huntingtin interacting protein,(More)
Triclosan, a very widely used biocide, specifically inhibits fatty acid synthesis by inhibition of enoyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) reductase. Escherichia coli FabI is the prototypical triclosan-sensitive enoyl-ACP reductase, and E. coli is extremely sensitive to the biocide. However, other bacteria are resistant to triclosan, because they encode(More)