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We report improved whole-genome shotgun sequences for the genomes of indica and japonica rice, both with multimegabase contiguity, or almost 1,000-fold improvement over the drafts of 2002. Tested against a nonredundant collection of 19,079 full-length cDNAs, 97.7% of the genes are aligned, without fragmentation, to the mapped super-scaffolds of one or the(More)
RATIONALE Ivacaftor (VX-770), a cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) potentiator, has been shown to improve lung function, pulmonary exacerbation rate, respiratory symptoms, and weight gain compared with placebo in patients with cystic fibrosis aged 12 years or older with a G551D-CFTR mutation. OBJECTIVES This randomized,(More)
BACKGROUND Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) is thought to be a transitional stage between normal aging and the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent studies have suggested that the inhalational anesthetic isoflurane can induce caspase activation and apoptosis, increase aggregates of β-amyloid (Aβ) levels, and enhance Aβ aggregation. The(More)
BACKGROUND Ivacaftor (VX-770) is a cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) potentiator that was approved in the United States for the treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF) in patients ≥ 6 years of age who have a G551D mutation; however, the most prevalent disease-causing CFTR mutation, F508del, causes a different functional defect. The(More)
The main function of adipose tissue has been considered as storage of triglycerides. Adipose tissue was considered harmful for healing extensive and deep burns because of poor circulation and easy liquefaction in wound beds, which offer an excellent culture medium for bacteria. However, these traditional concepts have been challenged with the discovery of(More)
Adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the capacity for self-renewal and for differentiating into a variety of cells and tissues. They may leave their niche to migrate to remote tissues and play a critical role in wound repair and tissue regeneration. Because of their multipotency, easy isolation and culture, highly expansive potential, and(More)
BACKGROUND One of the leading causes of impaired wound healing is diabetes mellitus. In diabetic patients, a minor skin wound often leads to serious complications. Many experiments had demonstrated that the expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and its receptor was decreased in wounds of healing-impaired diabetic mice, indicating that a(More)
Studies have shown that maternal chronic stress or depression is linked to an increased risk for affective disorders in progeny. However, the impact of maternal chronic stress before pregnancy on their progeny in animal models has not been well studied. We investigated the behaviors and the neurobiology in 60-day-old male progeny of maternal rats exposed to(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Transplantation of neural stem cells (NSC) has been shown to be successful in a variety of experimental models of nongastrointestinal diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the potential of NSC transplantation as a therapeutic strategy for neuronal replacement in disorders of the enteric nervous system. METHODS Central nervous(More)