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BACKGROUND The Notch signaling pathway regulates adult neurogenesis under physiological and pathophysiological conditions. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression. The present study investigated the effect of miR-124a on the Notch signaling pathway in stroke-induced neurogenesis. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We(More)
Acute treatment of stroke with histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors has been shown to reduce ischemic cell damage; however, it is unclear whether delayed treatment with HDAC inhibitors will contribute to the brain repair and plasticity. In the present study, we investigated the effects of delayed treatment of stroke with a pan HDAC inhibitor, valproic acid(More)
The role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in mediating adult neurogenesis after stroke has not been extensively studied. The present study investigated the function of the miR17-92 cluster in adult neural progenitor cells after experimental stroke. We found that stroke substantially up-regulated miR17-92 cluster expression in neural progenitor cells of the adult(More)
OBJECTIVE Activation of the toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling pathway exacerbates ischemic brain damage. The present study tested the hypothesis that combination treatment with VELCADE and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) modulates the TLR signaling pathway on cerebral vasculature, which leads to neuroprotection in aged rats after stroke. METHODS AND(More)
Axonal miRNAs locally regulate axonal growth by modulating local protein composition. Whether localized miRNAs in the axon mediate the inhibitory effect of Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) on the axon remains unknown. We showed that in cultured cortical neurons, axonal application of CSPGs inhibited axonal growth and altered axonal miRNA profiles,(More)
INTRODUCTION Atherosclerosis begins in childhood, and diabetes is a risk factor for coronary heart disease. Dyslipidemia is prevalent in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), with an association between elevated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), serum lipid levels, and oxidative stress. Our aim was to examine the effect of metabolic control on serum lipid(More)
Stroke induces new myelinating oligodendrocytes that are involved in ischemic brain repair. Molecular mechanisms that regulate oligodendrogenesis have not been fully investigated. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression. MiR-146a has been reported to regulate immune response, but the role of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Histone deacetylases (HDACs) 4 and 5 are abundantly expressed in the brain and have been implicated in the regulation of neurodegeneration. Under physiological conditions, HDACs 4 and 5 are expressed in the cytoplasm of brain cells where they cannot directly access chromatin. In response to external stimuli, they can shuttle to the(More)
Dopamine (DA) dysfunction originating from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) occurs as a result of synaptic abnormalities following consumption of drugs of abuse and underlies behavioral plasticity associated with drug abuse. Drugs of abuse can cause changes in gene expression through epigenetic mechanisms in the brain that underlie some of the lasting(More)