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CD14 is a receptor for lipopolysaccharide and plays an important role in innate immune against infections induced by microorganisms. A functional polymorphism in promoter region of CD14 gene, −159C/T, was extensively investigated with tuberculosis (TB) risk, but the association results were inconclusive. We performed a meta-analysis to synthesize(More)
OBJECTIVE Genome-wide association study (GWAS) recently identified several susceptibility loci in ASAP1 gene on chromosome 8q24 for tuberculosis (TB) in a Russian population, but no relevant studies have been performed to validate these findings. In addition, previous GWAS in Ghana and Gambia found that the variant rs4331426 at 18q11.2 was a susceptibility(More)
Coumarin and flavone derivatives are highly valuable molecules in drug discovery. Here, two new regioselective cross-dehydrogenation couplings of coumarins and flavones with different ethers via C(sp(3))-H functionalization processes were developed, generating new ether-substituted derivatives not previously reported. These reactions proceeded well via(More)
An aerobic activity: The title reaction proceeds through an oxidation/cyclization/aromatization sequence under an atmosphere of O(2) (see scheme; DBU=1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene, DCE=1,2-dichloroethane, DMS=dimethylsulfide). This coupling reaction is the first to proceed via an iminium intermediate for a C(sp(3)-H bond-functionalization process, and(More)
Palladium-catalyzed chemoselective decarboxylative cross coupling of benzoic acids with α-oxocarboxylic acids was realized via an arene sp(2) C-H functionalization process. This work represents the first example of transition-metal-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions with two acids acting in different roles. The synthetic utility of this method was confirmed(More)
The transition-metal-catalyzed direct C-H bond fluorination is an attractive synthetic tool toward the preparation of organofluorines. While many methods exist for the direct sp(3) C-H functionalization, site-selective fluorination of unactivated sp(3) carbons remains a challenge. Direct, highly site-selective and diastereoselective fluorination of(More)
The direct alkylation of unactivated sp(3) C-H bonds of aliphatic amides was achieved via nickel catalysis with the assist of a bidentate directing group. The reaction favors the C-H bonds of methyl groups over the methylene C-H bonds and tolerates various functional groups. Moreover, this reaction shows a predominant preference for sp(3) C-H bonds of(More)
Page 1791. On the basis of results of deuterium labeling studies described in the text and Supporting Information, the step from nickel complex A to intermediate B in Scheme 1 might be an irreversible process. Therefore, the text describing Scheme 1 should be corrected to read, “Coordination of amide 1 to a Ni species followed by a ligand exchange process(More)