Haibing Peng

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The growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible 45beta (GADD45beta) gene product has been implicated in the stress response, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. Here we demonstrated the unexpected expression of GADD45beta in the embryonic growth plate and uncovered its novel role as an essential mediator of matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) expression during(More)
Human genetic studies indicate that mutations in type IX and XI collagens result in early-onset osteoarthritis (OA) with a wide spectrum of osteochondrodysplasia. However, a convincing causal chain of events underlying the role of these collagen mutations in the pathogenesis of OA has not been elucidated. Here we show that the expression of a cell surface(More)
Acyl-CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) is one of two known DGAT enzymes that catalyze the final step in triglyceride synthesis. Findings from genetically modified mice as well as pharmacological studies suggest that inhibition of DGAT1 is a promising strategy for the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Here we characterize a tool DGAT1(More)
Following induction and activation of the early growth response (Egr)-1 transcription factor in human chondrocytes, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) suppresses the expression of the type II collagen gene (COL2A1), associated with induction of Egr-1 binding activity in nuclear extracts. The COL2A1 proximal promoter contains overlapping binding sites for Egr-1(More)
OBJECTIVE Our previous study suggested that growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible protein 45beta (GADD45beta) prolonged the survival of hypertrophic chondrocytes in the developing mouse embryo. This study was undertaken, therefore, to investigate whether GADD45beta plays a role in adult articular cartilage. METHODS Gene expression profiles of cartilage(More)
Primase plays a key role in governing the sequence of events required on the lagging strand during a cycle of Okazaki fragment synthesis. To begin to probe the protein-protein interactions necessary for primase function at the replication fork, we have used limited trypsinolysis to separate primase into two functional domains, an N-terminal domain of 49 kDa(More)
Interleukins (IL) 1 and 6 are important cytokines that function via the activation, respectively, of the transcription factors NF-kappaB and STAT3. We have observed that a specific type of kappa B DNA sequence motif supports both NF-kappaB p65 homodimer binding and cooperativity with non-tyrosine-phosphorylated STAT3. This activity, in contrast to that(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 has a pivotal, rate-limiting function in cartilage remodeling and degradation due to its specificity for cleaving type II collagen. The proximal MMP13 promoter contains evolutionarily conserved E26 transformation-specific sequence binding sites that are closely flanked by AP-1 and Runx2 binding motifs, and interplay among(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of the collagen receptor discoidin domain receptor 2 (DDR-2) in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS Histologic and immunohistochemical analyses were performed to characterize femoral head cartilage from 7 patients with OA and 4 patients with fracture, as well as articular cartilage from the knee joints of(More)
The epithelium-specific ETS (ESE)-1 transcription factor is induced in chondrocytes by interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). We reported previously that early activation of EGR-1 by IL-1beta results in suppression of the proximal COL2A1 promoter activity by displacement of Sp1 from GC boxes. Here we report that ESE-1 is a potent transcriptional suppressor of COL2A1(More)