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Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is a hexaploid species with a large and complex genome. A reference genetic marker map, namely the International Triticeae Mapping Initiative (ITMI) map, has been constructed with the recombinant inbred line population derived from a cross involving a synthetic line. But it is not sufficient for a full understanding of the(More)
Fusarium species cause serious diseases in cereal staple food crops such as wheat and maize. Currently, the mechanisms underlying resistance to Fusarium-caused diseases are still largely unknown. In the present study, we employed a combined proteomic and transcriptomic approach to investigate wheat genes responding to F. graminearum infection that causes(More)
The presence of duplicates introduced by PCR amplification is a major issue in paired short reads from next-generation sequencing platforms. These duplicates might have a serious impact on research applications, such as scaffolding in whole-genome sequencing and discovering large-scale genome variations, and are usually removed. We present FastUniq as a(More)
Salvia miltiorrhiza is an important medicinal plant with great economic and medicinal value. The complete chloroplast (cp) genome sequence of Salvia miltiorrhiza, the first sequenced member of the Lamiaceae family, is reported here. The genome is 151,328 bp in length and exhibits a typical quadripartite structure of the large (LSC, 82,695 bp) and small(More)
The microRNAs are a new class of small non-coding endogenous RNAs with lengths of approximately ~21 nt. MicroRNAs perform their biological function via the degradation of the target mRNAs or by inhibiting protein translation. Until recently, only limited numbers of miRNAs were identified in Brassica oleracea, a vegetable widely cultivated around the world.(More)
Scab, caused by Fusarium graminearum, is a serious spike disease in wheat. To identify proteins in resistant wheat cultivar Wangshuibai induced by F. graminearum infection, proteins extracted from spikes 6, 12 and 24 h after inoculation were separated by 2-DE. Thirty protein spots showing 3-fold change in abundance when compared with treatment without(More)
Cryptochromes (CRYs) are blue light receptors important for plant growth and development. Comprehensive information on monocot CRYs is currently only available for rice (Oryza sativa). We report here the molecular and functional characterization of two CRY genes, TaCRY1a and TaCRY2, from the monocot wheat (Triticum aestivum). The expression of TaCRY1a was(More)
Dehydrins (DHNs) are late embryonic abundant proteins characterized by the dehydrin domains that are involved in plant abiotic stress tolerance. In this study, fifty-four wheat DHN unigenes were identified in the expressed sequence tags database. These genes encode seven types of dehydrins (KS, SK3, YSK2, Y2SK2, Kn, Y2SK3, and YSK3) and separate in 32(More)
A circular consensus sequencing (CCS) strategy involving single molecule, real-time (SMRT) DNA sequencing technology was applied to de novo assembly and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) detection of chloroplast genomes. Chloroplast DNA was purified from enriched chloroplasts of pooled individuals to construct a shotgun library for each species. The(More)
HNF1A-antisense 1 (HNF1A-AS1), a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), is associated with metastasis and is an independent prognostic factor for lung cancer. Recent studies demonstrated that HNF1A-AS1 play important roles in cacinogenesis. However, the exact effects and molecular mechanisms of HNF1A-AS1 in osteosarcoma (OS) progression is still unclear. In the(More)