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In transplantation immunology, the ultimate goal is always to successfully and specifically induce immune tolerance of allografts. Tolerogenic dendritic cells (tol-DCs) with immunoregulatory functions have attracted much attention as they play important roles in inducing and maintaining immune tolerance. Here, we focused on tol-DCs that have the potential(More)
Using 19 years of Chinese soil moisture data from 1981-1999, we evaluate soil moisture in three reanalysis outputs: ERA40, NCEP/NCAR reanalysis (R-1), and NCEP/DOE reanalysis 2 (R-2) over China. R-2 shows better interannual variability and seasonal patterns of soil moisture than R-1 as the result of incorporation of observed precipitation. ERA40 produces a(More)
Ultraviolet-A (UVA, 320-380 nm) radiation is an oxidative stress that strongly induces heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) expression in cultured human primary skin fibroblasts (FEK4). In this study, we show that NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) protein accumulates and HO-1 is strongly induced following UVA irradiation of FEK4 cells. Down-regulation of Nrf2 with specific(More)
One of the key tenets of tissue engineering is to develop scaffold materials with favorable biodegradability, surface properties, outstanding mechanical strength and controlled drug release property. In this study, we generated core-sheath nanofibers composed of poly (ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) and silk fibroin (SF) blends via emulsion electrospinning.(More)
Etheno-DNA adducts are biomarkers for assessing oxidative stress. In this study, the aim was to detect the level of etheno-DNA adducts and explore the relationship between the etheno-DNA adducts and genotoxicity biomarkers of the diesel engine exhaust (DEE)-exposed workers. We recruited 86 diesel engine testing workers with long-term exposure to DEE and 99(More)
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) causes immunosuppression in chickens. We investigated the molecular changes in chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF) adapted IBDV by genomic sequencing. IBDV were serially passaged in CEF and chickens were infected with the IBDV obtained after different numbers of passages in CEF. Chicken infections showed that 16th, 20th,(More)
Damaged cartilage has poor self-healing ability and usually progresses to scar or fibrocartilaginous tissue, and finally degenerates to osteoarthritis (OA). Here we demonstrated that one of alternative isoforms of IGF-1, mechano growth factor (MGF) acted synergistically with transforming growth factor β3 (TGF-β3) embedded in silk fibroin scaffolds to induce(More)
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) causes an acute, highly contagious immunosuppressive disease--infectious bursal disease (IBD) in poultry. It is known that VP4 is a non-structural protein and a viral protease encoded by IBDV. Currently, little is known about VP4 characteristics during pathogenic and nonpathogenic IBDV infection. Here, we investigated(More)