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Direct electrical stimulation of neural tissues is a strategic approach to treat injured axons by accelerating their outgrowth [Al-Majed, A.A., Neumann, C.M., Brushart, T.M., Gordon, T., 2000. Brief electrical stimulation promotes the speed and accuracy of motor axonal regeneration. J. Neurosci. 20, 2602-2608] and promoting their regeneration [Geremia,(More)
Poloxamer 188 (P188), a multiblock copolymer surfactant, has been shown to protect against ischemic tissue injury of cardiac muscle, testes and skeletal muscle, but the mechanisms have not been fully understood. In this study, we explored whether P188 had a protective effect against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury and its underlying mechanisms. The in(More)
Red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) causes high mortality in marine fish larvae cultured in China. To control better an outbreak of this virus, a rapid, specific and sensitive detection method based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) was developed. A set of four primers, two outer and two inner, was designed from RGNNV genome(More)
To elucidate the pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and develop useful prognosis predictors, it is necessary to identify biologically relevant genomic alterations in HCC. In our study, we defined recurrently altered regions (RARs) common to many cases of HCCs, which may contain tumor-related genes, using whole-genome array-CGH and explored their(More)
Microbacterium oxydans strain NJ 6 isolated from soil samples converted puerarin into two novel compounds, puerarin-7-O-glucoside and puerarin-7-O-isomaltoside, via an unreported O-glycosylation of the phenolic hydroxyl group at the 7-position of puerarin. Sucrose, maltotriose, and maltose could be used as glucosyl donors for glycosylation of puerarin, but(More)
Dysfunction of the autophagy-lysosomal pathway (ALP) and the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) was thought to be an important pathogenic mechanism in synuclein pathology and Parkinson's disease (PD). In the present study, we investigated the role of sestrin2 in autophagic degradation of α-synuclein and preservation of cell viability in a rotenone-induced(More)
This study investigated whether P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) are linked in terms of expression. RT-PCR and Western blot analyses showed that the lung cancer cell line SK-MES-1/WT expressed BCRP. In a drug-free state, BCRP expression was significantly down-regulated in doxorubicin-resistant SK-MES-1/DX1000 cells(More)
Autophagy can be induced under nutrition stress conditions. Bcl-2 is a pro-survival protein which inhibits apoptosis and autophagy. However, the role of Bcl-2 in autophagy regulation and cell survival under nutrition deprivation has not been fully understood. This study sought to investigate if Bcl-2 upregulation is essential in limiting autophagic activity(More)
Molecular mechanism of lung carcinogenesis and its aggressive nature is still largely elusive. To uncover the biomarkers related with tumorigenesis and behavior of lung cancer, we screened novel differentially expressed genes (DEG) in A549 lung cancer cell line by comparison with CCD-25Lu, normal pulmonary epithelial cell line, using annealing control(More)
Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is a member of the scavenger receptor family, and is known to be expressed in monocytes/macrophages. We investigated the effect of histamine on the expression of LOX-1 in cells of the human monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1. Histamine as well as forskolin and dibutyryl cyclic AMP (Bt2-cAMP)(More)