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BACKGROUND Chitinases are prevalent in life and are found in species including archaea, bacteria, fungi, plants, and animals. They break down chitin, which is the second most abundant carbohydrate in nature after cellulose. Hence, they are important for maintaining a balance between carbon and nitrogen trapped as insoluble chitin in biomass. Chitinases are(More)
Soluble human tumor necrosis factor receptors (shTNFRI and shTNFRII) are antagonists of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and are under clinical investigation as therapy for autoimmune diseases and transplant rejection. However, shTNFRI and shTNFRII are limited for clinical usage because of their short half-lives in vivo. Recombinant TNF-α receptors(More)
We present a method for automated brain tissue segmentation based on the multi-channel fusion of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data. The method is motivated by the evidence that independent tissue segmentation based on DTI parametric images provides complementary information of tissue contrast to the tissue segmentation based on structural MRI data. This(More)
PCSK9 is a natural inhibitor of LDL receptor (LDLR) that binds the extracellular domain of LDLR and triggers its intracellular degradation. PCSK9 and LDLR are coordinately regulated at the transcriptional level by sterols through their promoter-imbedded sterol response elements (SRE) and co-induced by statins. Identification of regulatory networks(More)
Rhodopsin photosensors of phototactic algae act as light-gated cation channels when expressed in animal cells. These proteins (channelrhodopsins) are extensively used for millisecond scale photocontrol of cellular functions (optogenetics). We report characterization of PsChR, one of the phototaxis receptors in the alga Platymonas (Tetraselmis)(More)
Space-time adaptive processing (STAP) is an effective method for detecting moving target in airborne/spaceborne radar. However, the detection of fast air moving targets from high speed platform is challenged by the range walk of both the clutter and moving targets. It is well known that keystone formatting can be used to compensate for the range walk of(More)
The human brain atlases that allow correlating brain anatomy with psychological and cognitive functions are in transition from ex vivo histology-based printed atlases to digital brain maps providing multimodal in vivo information. Many current human brain atlases cover only specific structures, lack fine-grained parcellations, and fail to provide(More)
AIMS Transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) plays an important role in tumor cell invasion and metastasis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of STAT3 knockdown in nude mouse xenografts of pancreatic cancer cells and underlying gene expression. METHODS A STAT3 shRNA lentiviral vector was constructed and infected into(More)
A novel systematic design of associative memory networks is addressed in this paper, by incorporating both the biological small-world effect and the recently acclaimed memristor into the conventional Hopfield neural network. More specifically, the original fully connected Hopfield network is diluted by considering the small-world effect, based on a(More)
Channelrhodopsins (ChRs), which form a distinct branch of the microbial rhodopsin family, control phototaxis in green algae. Because ChRs can be expressed and function in neuronal membranes as light-gated cation channels, they have rapidly become an important optogenetic tool in neurobiology. While channelrhodopsin-2 from the unicellular alga Chlamydomonas(More)