Hai Whang Lee

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The densities of high energetic molecules in the solid state were calculated with a simplified scheme based on molecular surface electrostatic potentials (MSEP). The MSEP scheme for density estimation, originally developed by Politzer et al., was further modified to calculate electrostatic potential on a simpler van der Waals surface. Forty-one energetic(More)
The gas-phase identity nucleophilic substitution reactions of halide anions (X = F, Cl, and Br) with cyclopropenyl halides, X(-) + (CH)(3)X <= => X(CH)(3) + X(-), are investigated theoretically at four levels of theory, B3LYP/6-311+G**, MP2/6-311+G**, G2(+)MP2//MP2/6-311+G**, and G2(+)//MP2/6-311+G**. Four types of reaction paths, the sigma-attack S(N)2,(More)
The kinetics and mechanism of the reactions of Z-aryl bis(4-methoxyphenyl) phosphates, (4-MeOC(6)H(4)O)(2)P(=O)OC(6)H(4)Z, with pyridines (XC(5)H(4)N) are investigated in acetonitrile at 55.0 degrees C. In the case of more basic phenolate leaving groups (Z = 4-Cl, 3-CN), the magnitudes of beta(X) (beta(nuc)) and beta(Z) (beta(lg)) indicate that mechanism(More)
Kinetic studies on the reactions of Y-S-aryl phenyl phosphonochloridothioates with X-pyridines have been carried out in MeCN at 55.0 oC. The Hammett and Brönsted plots for substituent X variations in the nucleophiles are biphasic concave upwards with a break point at X = H. The Hammett plots for substituent Y variations in the substrates are biphasic(More)
The nucleophilic substitution reactions of Y-O-aryl methyl phosphonochloridothioates with substituted anilines (XC(6)H(4)NH(2)) and deuterated anilines (XC(6)H(4)ND(2)) are investigated kinetically in acetonitrile at 55.0 degrees C. The Hammett and Brønsted plots for substituent (X) variations in the nucleophiles are biphasic concave downwards with a break(More)
The kinetics and mechanism of the pyridinolysis (XC5H4N) of Y-aryl phenyl isothiocyanophosphates (1; (YC6H4O)(C6H5O)P(=O)NCS) are investigated in acetonitrile at 55.0 C. The Hammett plots for substituent (Y) variations in the substrate (log k2 vs σY) exhibit a convex upward biphasic type with breaks at Y = H. For electron-donating Y groups the Hammett(More)
Second-order rate constants have been determined spectrophotometrically for the reactions of 4-nitrophenyl X-substituted 2-methylbenzoates (2a-e) and Y-substituted phenyl 2-methylbenzoates (3a-e) with alicyclic secondary amines in 80 mol % H(2)O/20 mol % DMSO at 25.0 +/- 0.1 degrees C. The o-methyl group in the benzoyl moiety of 2a-e retards the reaction(More)
The tautomerization process of glycine between the neutral (NE) and zwitterionic (ZW) forms in aqueous solution was explored theoretically using the conductor-like polarizable continuum model (CPCM) by adopting the PAULING cavity model at the B3LYP, MP2 and CCSD levels with the 6-311+G(d,p) basis set. The tautomerization of glycine is unable to be predicted(More)
Kinetic studies of the benzylamine additions to benzylidenediethylmalonates (BDM: YC(6)H(4)CH[double bond]C(COOEt)(2)) in acetonitrile at 20.0 degrees C are reported. The rates in acetonitrile are consistent with that expected from the through-conjugative electron-accepting power of the activating groups, (COOEt)(2). The sign and magnitude of the(More)
To develop new highly energetic materials, we have considered the design of molecules with high nitrogen content. Possible candidates include 1,3,5-triazine derivatives. In this work, we studied potential synthetic routes for melamine using the MP2/6-31+G(d,p)//B3LYP/6-31G(d) level of theory. The mechanisms studied here are stepwise mechanism beginning with(More)