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Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific hypertensive syndrome that causes substantial maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Maternal endothelial dysfunction mediated by excess placenta-derived soluble VEGF receptor 1 (sVEGFR1 or sFlt1) is emerging as a prominent component in disease pathogenesis. We report a novel placenta-derived soluble TGF-beta(More)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels are activated by various metabolic stresses, including hypoxia. The substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr), the area with the highest expression of K(ATP) channels in the brain, plays a pivotal role in the control of seizures. Mutant mice lacking the Kir6.2 subunit of K(ATP) channels(More)
BACKGROUND Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a devastating complication of numerous underlying conditions, most notably sepsis. Although pathologic vascular leak has been implicated in the pathogenesis of ARDS and sepsis-associated lung injury, the mechanisms promoting leak are incompletely understood. Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2), a known antagonist(More)
Angiopoietins (Ang) are secreted factors which bind the Tie-2 receptor and modulate endothelial growth. This signalling system is known to be expressed in later stages of maturation of the mouse metanephros, the adult kidney precursor. In this study, by using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Northern and Western blotting, we demonstrated(More)
Angiopoietin 2 (Ang2) was originally shown to be a competitive antagonist for Ang1 of the receptor tyrosine kinase Tie2 in endothelial cells (ECs). Since then, reports have conflicted on whether Ang2 is an agonist or antagonist of Tie2. Here we show that Ang2 functions as an agonist when Ang1 is absent but as a dose-dependent antagonist when Ang1 is(More)
Little is known about the serial changes that might occur in renal capillaries after reduction of renal mass. In the current study, our aim was to document potential alterations in the morphology and proliferation of the renal cortical peritubular microcirculation at specific time points (7 and 60 days) after experimental 75% surgical nephron reduction(More)
The Tie-2 receptor tyrosine kinase transduces embryonic endothelial differentiation, with Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) acting as a stimulatory ligand and Ang-2 postulated to be a naturally occurring inhibitor. Expression of these genes was sought during mouse kidney maturation from the onset of glomerulogenesis (embryonic day 14 [E14]) to the end of nephron(More)
We have studied factors that potentially modulate the expression of mRNA coding for subunits of the amiloride-sensitive sodium channel, alphaENaC and betaENaC, in lungs of vaginally and Caesarean (CS)-delivered late gestation fetal guinea-pigs. Expression of alphaENaC and betaENaC mRNAs was developmentally regulated in the late gestation fetus, reaching(More)
Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) stimulates endothelial and vascular network differentiation through the Tie-2 receptor tyrosine kinase, while Ang-2 modulates this activation in embryo and tumor growth. The nephrogenic pattern of Ang-2 was documented in a mouse strain that expresses the LacZ reporter gene driven by the Ang-2 promoter. Heterozygous animals were(More)
Transformations between epithelial and mesenchymal cells are widespread during normal development and adult disease, and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) has been implicated in some of these phenotypic switches. Dysplastic kidneys are a common cause of chronic kidney failure in young children and result from perturbed epithelial-mesenchymal(More)